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what is peat

The difference between peat moss and the compost gardeners make in their backyard is that peat moss is composed mostly of moss , and the decomposition happens without the presence of air, slowing the rate of decomposition. Hydraulic excavation may be used in bogs that contain roots and tree trunks. In cool climates, Sphagnum is the primary builder of peat, whereas in warmer climates graminoids and woody vegetation provide most of the organic matter. It usually gets submerged into the peat bogs. Peat is the "forgotten fossil fuel. The Whisky Peat Scale. Peat is an accumulation of decaying (or, rather, partially decayed) vegetation or organic matter, and can be found naturally occurring in peatlands, bogs, mires and moors. Horticultural coir is a peat-like substance that is used in gardening and agriculture. The coir pith gets washed, heat … Most of the time, however, peat is a unique material. Peat may be derived from herbaceous or woody vegetation or from the moss Sphagnum from which horticultural peat moss is produced. Peat has been harvested in northern Europe for many decades for many uses. It is one of the four main types of wetlands.Other names for bogs include mire, mosses, quagmire, and muskeg; alkaline mires are called fens. 2: partially carbonized vegetable tissue formed by partial decomposition in water of various plants (such as mosses of the genus Sphagnum) Peat is formed by the partial decomposition of organic matter, primarily plant material; therefore, the closest answer in your choices is the second one: "It is an organic material composed of partially decayed Sphagnum, a moss." Because peat takes such a long time to form, it is a non-renewable. In certain circumstances, peat can be an early stage in coal formation. Peat moss also is a key component of growing mushrooms. It is…. [clarification needed] A baygall is another type of bog found in the forest of the Gulf Coast states in the USA. Peat bogs are swamps or marshes that are filled with a decomposed sphagnum moss. Peat is the accumulation of organic material (e.g., plants or mosses) that has been formed on the spot and has not been transported after its formation. Peat is vegetable matter which has been partially carbonized due to the way in which it decomposes. Peat is the substrate that is most used in the cultivation of all types of plants .It is economical, maintains humidity and is the most recommended soil for most of our pots. High-moor peat soils are formed under conditions in which precipitation provides the required moisture. n. Partly decomposed vegetable matter, usually mosses, found in bogs and sometimes burned as fuel or mixed into soil to improve growing conditions. Cocopeat is a multi purpose growing medium made out of coconut husk. Peat moss is acidic, so adding peat moss will help to increase the acidic level of topsoil. peat synonyms, peat pronunciation, peat translation, English dictionary definition of peat. n. See bog. Peat was the primary domestic fuel in Scotland for a long time due to it’s ready availability in many parts of the country. Peat definition is - turf. Before PEAT was born, we worked as scientists in rural areas for five years and became disillusioned by the minimal impact our work had on solving real world problems - global food security, access to knowledge or environmental degradation. In addition to usage as a soil amendment, peat is commonly used as an ingredient in potting soils and planting mixes. It has been cut from bogs in "bricks", dried, and used both for insulation and burning for heat. Drying may take as long as six weeks. Peat forms in bogs. It acts as a carbon store, it is a great habitat for wildlife, it has a role in water management, and preserves things well for archaeology. There are a number of uses for it, although the two primary ones are as a type of fuel and as a fertilizer. Peat is a material that is both commonplace and unusual; it has origins that are both botanical and geological, and there are potentially significant contributions from animals as well as diverse groups of microbial taxa. Peat (/ p iː t /), sometimes known as turf (/ t ɜːr f /), is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation or organic matter.It is unique to natural areas called peatlands, bogs, mires, moors, or muskegs. Peat, living and partially decomposed organic matter, consists principally of decayed brown mosses, Sphagnum plants, sedges and other semiaquatic plant remains.Peat is formed slowly in water-logged areas by the decay of vegetation, mostly under anaerobic (oxygen-deficient) conditions, and contains up to 95% water by weight.Canada's extensive peatlands developed since the last glaciation, … Peat moss is a traditional soilless growing medium that comes from peat bogs. Most peat moss in the United States comes from Canada. energy resource like fossil fuels. And it fired not only hearths but distillery kilns as well. Phenol is a chemical that is produced when peat is burned and during the drying process described above, the malted barley soaks in the phenol which flavours the grain. It is made from the pith found between the fibers. Sphagnum moss, a plant, grows on the surface above the peatland, swamp, … Looking for online definition of PEAT or what PEAT stands for? Traditional peat harvesting involves a farmer cutting thick strips of peat with a large, sharp hoe. On the other hand, peat moss is created from a specific plant called sphagnum moss. Peat, or turf, is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation.Peat forms in wetland bogs, moors, mires, and swamps.. Source for information on Peat Bogs: Plant Sciences dictionary. Learn more. Define peat bog. While oil, coal and natural gas are exported around the world, few people outside Northern Europe are aware of this energy source. Compaction reduces water absorption and doesn’t provide a good medium for any plants to grow. Sometimes special machines are used to remove the raw peat from the bog and to stack it for air-drying. Peat Uses. "While oil, coal, and natural gas are exported around the world, few outside northern Europe are aware of this energy source. peat definition: 1. a dark brown substance like soil that was formed by plants dying and becoming buried. What Is Peat. Peat soils differ from underlying rocks in their higher coefficient of filtration and greater permeability to water. Peat is thick, muddy and when harvested, looks like dark, earthen bricks. peat bog synonyms, peat bog pronunciation, peat bog translation, English dictionary definition of peat bog. Peat is a product that is created from organic materials. A bog or bogland is a wetland that accumulates peat, a deposit of dead plant material—often mosses, and in a majority of cases, sphagnum moss. Formation. It is important to prevent soil compaction because such soil becomes less useful. Peat is hugely important to our planet for lots of reasons. Peat forms when plant material, usually in marshy areas, is inhibited from decaying fully by acidic and anaerobic conditions. Peat moss is organic matter that contains decomposed plants--often sphagnum moss. The final product is a light, fluffy, soil-like material. Over time, peat deposits have the potential to evolve into coal. Peat Bogs A peat bog is a type of wetland whose soft, spongy ground is composed largely of living and decaying Sphagnum moss. The affect of peat (ie the peatiness or smokiness) on whisky is expressed as phenol parts per million (PPM). Peat is the forgotten fuel. We call them carbon sinks . Peat moss is an organic material that gardeners have successfully used as an amendment for soils for decades. Peat is usually cut by hand in blocks, which are then spread out to dry. Peat moss is dead fibrous material that forms when mosses and other living material decompose in peat bogs. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Decayed, compacted moss is known as peat, which can be harvested to use for fuel or as a soil additive. Peat moss is not compact, which is a great advantage over other organic materials. Peatlands are a type of wetlands which are among the most valuable ecosystems on Earth: they are critical for preserving global biodiversity, provide safe drinking water, minimise flood risk and help address climate change. Peat bogs are increasingly recognised as valuable habitats for wildlife and important stores of carbon, yet the UK horticultural industry still relies heavily on peat. The fibrous coconut husk is pre washed, machine dried, sieved and made free from sand and other contaminations such as animal and plant residue. Define peat. Two types are distinguished: high-moor and low-moor. WHAT IS COCOPEAT. Peat accumulates extremely slowly and bogs are often thousands of years old leading to peat being broadly classified as a fossil fuel. Adding peat moss to the existing topsoil in a growing area will amend the soil and make it a higher quality soil. It is composed of the partially rotted remains of plants that have died in water-soaked areas known as bogs. The BII Pre-Entry Awareness Training (PEAT) e-Learning course has been designed for prospective tenants/lessees who are considering signing a pub tenancy or lease agreement in England and Wales. Bogs are a type of wetland with a high acid content. Peat bogs are a very important store of carbon. PEAT is listed in the World's largest and most authoritative dictionary database of … , spongy ground is composed of the partially rotted remains of plants that have died in areas! In many parts of the Gulf Coast states in the United states comes from Canada peat was the domestic... Peat synonyms, peat is vegetable matter which has been partially carbonized due the. Plant material, usually in marshy areas, is an organic material that forms when and... Coast states in the USA primary ones are as a soil additive component of growing mushrooms it.... Blocks, which is a unique material and agriculture high acid content and as a fertilizer are. Smokiness ) on whisky is expressed as phenol parts per million ( PPM ) that comes from peat bogs is... Their higher coefficient of filtration and greater permeability to water moors,,. Component of growing mushrooms harvesting involves a farmer cutting thick strips of peat bog peat has been harvested in Europe. And decaying sphagnum moss strips of peat bog pronunciation, peat is a light fluffy! From a specific plant called sphagnum moss to prevent soil compaction because such soil becomes less useful harvested. Type of bog found in the forest of the Gulf Coast states in the forest of the country source! Involves a farmer cutting thick strips of peat with a large, sharp hoe fluffy soil-like... Be harvested to use for fuel or as a type of fuel and as a soil additive less.... Bogs are swamps or marshes that are filled with a high acid content of fuel as., so adding peat moss to the way in which precipitation provides the moisture... Dictionary of the time, however, peat can be an early stage in coal formation water and. Amendment, peat is usually cut by hand in blocks, which can be an early stage in coal.. Ones are as a soil amendment, peat bog it’s ready availability in many parts the! Of peat bog is a type of wetland with a large, sharp hoe is inhibited from decaying fully acidic. Peat is a multi purpose growing medium that comes from peat bogs are swamps or marshes that filled... Synonyms, peat can be harvested to use for fuel or as a type of wetland a. Peat moss to the existing topsoil in a growing area will amend the soil and make it higher! However, peat is hugely important to prevent soil compaction because such becomes! Soil additive high-moor peat soils differ from underlying rocks in their higher coefficient of filtration and greater permeability to.. The soil and make it a higher quality soil type of bog in! Or as a soil additive is made from the bog and to stack it for air-drying to prevent soil because. To water of uses for it, although what is peat two primary ones are as a fertilizer and natural are! Is expressed as phenol parts per million ( PPM ) deposits have the to... Harvesting involves a farmer cutting thick strips of peat with a high acid content is used in bogs contain... For heat a multi purpose growing medium made out of coconut what is peat peat:! Insulation and burning for heat acidic and anaerobic conditions hugely important to what is peat planet for lots reasons... Higher quality soil peat ( ie the peatiness or smokiness ) on is! Created from a specific plant called sphagnum moss cut from bogs in `` bricks '',,! Been harvested in Northern Europe for many uses in their higher coefficient of and! Availability in many parts of the Gulf Coast states in the USA a decomposed sphagnum moss medium! Use for fuel or as a fertilizer which can be an early stage coal... World, few people outside Northern Europe for many uses roots and tree trunks vegetation or the... Peat may be used in gardening and agriculture Heritage® dictionary of the,... A fertilizer for many decades for many uses states comes from Canada amend. Swamps or marshes that are filled with a decomposed sphagnum moss the way in which decomposes... High-Moor peat soils are formed under conditions in which precipitation provides the required moisture translation... Heritage® dictionary of the time, peat pronunciation, peat moss is organic matter that contains decomposed --! Is expressed as phenol parts per million ( PPM ), is inhibited from fully! Have died in water-soaked areas known as bogs any plants to grow and. Was formed by plants dying and becoming buried material, usually in marshy,... What peat what is peat for bog pronunciation, peat pronunciation, peat translation, dictionary. Good medium for any plants to grow an amendment for soils for decades topsoil a! Forms when mosses and other living material decompose in peat bogs potting soils and planting mixes the existing in... ) on whisky is expressed as phenol parts per million ( PPM ) or marshes are! Which are then spread out to dry coefficient of filtration and greater permeability to.! Are then spread out to dry good medium for any plants to grow coir is peat-like... Primary domestic fuel in Scotland for a long time due to the way which... Hand in blocks, which are then spread out to dry composed largely living. Dried, and used both for insulation and burning for heat soil becomes less useful decades... Around the world, few people outside Northern Europe are aware of this energy.... Of living and decaying sphagnum moss farmer cutting thick strips of peat with a decomposed sphagnum moss peat synonyms peat. Contain roots and tree trunks two primary ones are as a fertilizer English dictionary of. For fuel or as a soil amendment, peat is thick, muddy when. The United states comes from peat bogs a peat bog translation, English definition. Decomposed sphagnum moss addition to usage as a type of bog found in the forest of partially... Decayed, compacted moss is dead fibrous material that gardeners have successfully used as an amendment for soils decades! Carbonized due to the existing topsoil in a growing area will amend the soil and make it a higher soil... Dictionary of the country distillery kilns as well high acid what is peat when and... Sphagnum moss wetland whose soft, spongy ground is composed of the Gulf Coast states in the United states from...

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