As expected there were several visitors attracted by the topic – railways are always a favourite and Jeremy gave us a comprehensive but easy to follow trip through time and space. 240mm TAZ Modele 1893/96 (24 Colonies) Railway Gun. Whilst the ships were … The railway played a vital role during WWI. Europe’s railway networks would also characterize the geography of the war. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. 1862. The railways you mentioned are commonly referred to as "Trench Railways". Without them, Welt-politik must have remained a dream, since railways were indispensable to any practical attempt to effect its realisation. So WWII. A mind-numbing 8.5 million souls died as a result. The Germans used 3,965 field artillery pieces in the launch of Operation Michael two years later. Britain declared war on 4 August 1914 and by the end of the month, the railway had transported almost 120,000 servicemen to Southampton, where they would board boats to France. Railways provided the enormous logistical capacity needed to support huge armies in the field for years on end, including transportation of millions of artillery shells. 7. Trench railways represented military adaptation of early 20th century railway technology to the problem of keeping soldiers supplied during the static trench warfare phase of World War I. No sooner was the concentration of France's seven armies six along the front and one in Paris accomplished than the railways had to ensure, between August 12th and August 20th, the conveyance to Mons of the officers and men of the British Expeditionary Force who had by that time arrived at Boulogne, Nantes, and St. Nazaire. The U.S. army was still using horses in 1941, but by the end of the war it was based completely on the internal combustion engine. From this the light railways were expanded to 700 miles (1,100 km) of track, which supplied 7,000 tons of supplies daily. Troops coming home after long periods abroad received a rail ticket to see their loved ones. During the first world war Russia used both French 600 mm (1 ft 11⁄8 in) Decauville and 750 mm (2 ft 5⁄2 in) gauge systems. German control of eastern Africa was an obstacle to this vision. To use footage in a production, or to license films for other purposes, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org. Baldwin Locomotive Works built 350 seven-tonne 6-wheel gasoline mechanical … Kolomna Locomotive Plant built 0-6-0T locomotives (I, N, R, T series). 1. / Modeling general discussion / Trench Railways and WW1. Germany was the first of the great nations to recognise the importance of the role that railways were likely to play in warfare. Allied rail support system extended all the way across northern France by Mid-September 1944, just three months after D Day. Two technologies that were crucial in shaping the First World War were railways and artillery. The number of women working on the railway has never fallen below pre-WWI levels. Find out how Network Rail supports former armed forces personnel. 1911. WW1 Railways. New tactics were needed to break down enemy lines. Of 1,600 British artillery pieces opening up the Battle of the Somme in 1916, 1,200 were a field or medium gun. "Studies for an expedition against Paris by way of Lorraine and Champagne can," he added, "hardly be regarded as indicative of a sentiment of fraternity.". Among the chief measures to which she resorted for ensuring the success of her Welt-politik were (1) railways, (2) commerce, and (3) a more powerful Navy. since 1870-71 an organisation for the conduct of military rail transport in time of war, on the lines here indicated, had been planned and worked out in France in a way so comprehensive and so exhaustive that it provided in advance as far as the combined wisdom of military and railway authorities could foresee or suggest for every contingency that was likely to arise. As the war on the Western Front settled into a stalemate, rail technology was adapted to new roles. During the first world war Russia used both French 600 mm (1 ft 11⁄8 in) Decauville and 750 mm (2 ft 5⁄2 in) gauge systems. In fact, more than 1.6 million women took on traditionally male jobs, with more than 100,000 working in various forms of transport, particularly as engineers. Secret drawings were sent out to companies across the country. In comparison to the "Great War," railroads were far better prepared for World War II's traffic onslaught. Of these, more than 100,000 enlisted when war broke out, leading to a substantial skills shortage at home when the railway was under great pressure than to deliver forces and supplies to the front line. The scramble for empire in Africa also sparked several diplomatic incidents. Following the example of the French and Germans, from 1916 the British built extensive networks of light railways (usually of narrow 60-cm track gauge) to link railheads beyond artillery range with their trench systems. Resentment at what many regarded as their unjust confinement was widespread. This "out of date" postcard was sent from St. Pierre Eglise in September 1915. A talk on railways in WW1 by Jeremy Nicholls was given on Thursday 17th September to the History Society. Many in London dreamed of a British-owned railway running the length of Africa (“from Cairo to the Cape”). The use of trains in the Great War is a neglected subject; railways were the super-highways of the day used to transport everything from material to men and horses. On the other hand, when one finds concerning German lines on the frontiers of Belgium, for instance, that many of them were not wanted at all for the ordinary needs of the district, and that the double lines, the extensive sidings, the long platforms, and the general station arrangements at places where the local traffic was quite insignificant in extent would permit of a complete army corps and all its necessaries being dealt with, no reason was left for doubt that such lines as these were purely strategical railways, deliberately designed for the furthering of a national policy either of defence or of invasion. They used the full version of the system in the remaining four of the 1918 offensives. The German East African Railway, connecting the Indian Ocean with the shores of Lake Tanganyika, was to enable German troops (1) to make raids into British East Africa; (2) to secure the eventual supremacy of Germany in the Belgian Congo, with its vast potentialities in the way of mineral and other resources; and (3) to join with German troops coming via the north-east comer of German South-West Africa in the seizure of Rhodesia. About 13,000 women worked on the railway in 1914, mostly in domestic jobs such as cleaning, washing and waitressing. The Bagdad Railway, regarded in Germany as a German line, was to be the means by which she would (1) strengthen her hold on the Turkish Government, through the consequent financial and political complications ; (2) convert Turkey in Asia into practically a German State; (3) secure with the help of railways in Europe which she either controlled already or hoped eventually to control direct lines of communication from Hamburg and Berlin to the Persian Gulf ; (4) neutralise, as far as that Gulf, the sea- power of Great Britain; (5) acquire a strategical position from which she might add Persia, no less than Mesopotamia, to the German Empire -1 and (6) create at the head of the Persian Gulf a stronghold which, with a stream of troops and munitions conveyed thither, without fear of interruption, alike from Germany and from her vassal State, Turkey, would enable her to threaten the gates of India and the ocean highway to Australia, and start on fresh schemes of conquest in the Far East in general. And yet, in contrast to these healthy signs, wooden passenger cars were still in use on many railroads, as were outdated and underpowered locomotives. There are a total of [ 22 ] WW1 Armored Cars (1914-1918) entries in the Military Factory. The railways in South-West Africa, on which Germany had spent over œ8,000,000, were not only annexed by the victorious British forces, but were made use of for their own movements, and joined up with the railways of the South African Union, to serve thenceforward the purposes of peace in the development of South-West Africa under the administration of the Cape Province Government. Sat, 2019-09-28 09:02 — Douglas Meyer. Night Railway For Shells (1914) Light railway brings shells … Despite facing strong resistance, British troops advanced as far as Samarra, taking control of the only finished segment (between Baghdad and Samarra) of the Baghdad railway in Mesopotamia. 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