Southwest Pacific 31 Aug 44 – 214th Med Hosp Ship Co (decommissioned 17 May 46, reactivated as Hospital Ship and transferred to US Army 20 Jun 46, struck from Naval Register 25 Sep 46) List of hospital ships sunk in World War II From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Hospital ships should display large Red Crosses or Red Crescents. www.USMM.org ©1998 - 2007. 114 crew members, 64 medical staff members and two stewardesses abandoned ship in 13 lifeboats. Nine of them were still afloat and were either quickly repaired for frontline duty or sent to the U.S. West Coast for repairs and new equipment. Sunk on board SS Stanvac Manila when that ship was torpedoed and sunk by Japanese submarine I-17. Hospital ship ST DAVID, at anchor off Dover, was damaged at 0845/1st by the spontaneous explosion of a mine. These ships are considered war graves. The following battleships were destroyed in full combat. The main reasons for this carnage were: - a.. 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hospital ships sunk in ww2

Foreword. Yacht GRIVE (687grt, Captain the Hon. W of Ushijima, 1.25 miles off Bizan Seto. The Centaur was struck in an oil fuel tank on the port side, caught fire, and sank within minutes. & I'm trying to match it to a Hospital ship for him? (Note – Photo is from World War I when Erinpura was a hospital ship. Commissioned at Liverpool on December 12, command of the vessel was given to Captain Charles A. Bartlett. WW2 People's War Homepage ... From there I was taken to a field hospital and sent back in stages to a hospital in Alexandria. USS Comfort (AH-6) USS Comfort joined the war in the Pacific in 1944, the first of a new class of hospital ships. The much greater geographical spread of hostilities in WW2 . A subsequent message stated one torpedo sunk the vessel In about two minutes, and that there were 54 men and one This doesn't seem to add anything to existing answers. 24 April 1944: Arrives at Saipan. The ship, which was carrying no patients, was hit on the starboard side forward and settled by the head with a list. Between November 1918 and March 1919, three US Navy-operated and staffed Hospital Ships, ‘USS Comfort’ (AH-3) – ‘USS Mercy’ (AH-4) – ‘USS Solace’ (AH-2) evacuated patients from Europe to the United States (the Navy was indeed responsible for carrying all wounded, sick, and injured AEF personnel from France to the United States – in WW2, the Army decided it was her responsibility, and she wanted to … The Centaur, 2/3rd Australian Hospital Ship, was a motor passenger ship converted in early 1943 for use as a hospital ship. This section includes over 21.000 Allied Warships and over 11.000 Allied Commanders of WWII, from the US Navy, Royal Navy, Royal Canadian Navy, Royal Australian Navy, The Polish Navy and others. Until 1915 these steamers had carried passengers across the Tasman for the Union Steam Ship Company, but as casualties mounted at Gallipoli, the government pressed them into service as hospital ships. A search team led by U.S. shipwreck hunter David Mearns sent a submarine robot more than 2,000 meters below the surface to snap the images… Nine of them were still afloat and were either quickly repaired for frontline duty or sent to the U.S. West Coast for repairs and new equipment. The Paris had two sister ships Brighton and The Maid of Kent.Ironicaly both these vessels were sunk on the same day 21st May 1940, one in open water and the latter in … Team finds Australian hospital ship sunk in WW2. After burning for 2 days she was sunk by gunfire by destroyers, Inside the Bay of Valona (Albania), 1,5 miles off Cape Dukati and Crionerò, Bombed and set afire by German aircraft and sank, 3.5 miles south of Cap. In November 1941 it had rescued survivors of the German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran after it had sunk and been sunk by HMAS Sydney. USS Lexington on fire during the Battle of the Coral Sea, 1942. Shipwreck hunters have captured the first underwater footage of an Australian World War II hospital ship that sank in 1943 and left 268 people dead. Sunk by US Submarine USS Queenfish (SS-393), Off Swinemünde, and was put in tow for Kiel, Mined. Italy, during WW2, used 11 hospital ships (navi ospedale: Aquileia, Gradisca, Arno, Città di Trapani, California, Po, Principessa Giovanna, Sicilia, Tevere, Virgilio, Toscana) and 7 rescue ships (navi soccorso: Capri, Epomeo, Laurana, Meta, Orlando, San Giusto, Sorrento). … But another 12 were sunk, and some of those were even declared lost. During World War II, two dozen hospital ships were sunk by enemy fire, and a critical hospital ship sustained a damaging attack in the war’s waning weeks. The military history of Gibraltar during World War II exemplifies Gibraltar's position as a British fortress since the early 18th century and as a vital factor in British military strategy, both as a foothold on the continent of Europe, and as a bastion of British sea power. The U-boat War in World War Two (Kriegsmarine, 1939-1945) and World War One (Kaiserliche Marine, 1914-1918) and the Allied efforts to counter the threat. Her skipper was one of the few survivors, but the tragedy was to prove his downfall. Like most hospital ships the Rewa was a converted passenger steamer, in her case being a relatively new ship which had been in service for the P&O Line from 1906 to 1914 on the Britain to India route. It will be the 72nd anniversary of the death of his three uncles who drowned when the Australian hospital ship Centaur was torpedoed by the Japanese off Brisbane in World War II. Ships hit by U-boats in WWII Ship losses by month. The American Liberty Ship SS Richard Montgomery was packed with explosives when it sank in the Thames Estuary in August 1944, with the salvage job expected to cost up to £4million Hospital ship Gloucester Castle down by stern after being torpedoed by U-boat UB-32 off the Isle of Wight, 31 March 1917 HMHS Gloucester Castle (His Majesty’s Hospital Ship) a steam ship originally built for Union-Castle Line, but requisitioned for use as British hospital ship during WWI. 20 April 1944: Departs Yokosuka on her 19th hospital round-trip voyage. The War Illustrated, Volume 7, No. That’s where hospital ships become lifesavers. To aid the wounded, a medical staff of 52 officers, 101 nurses, and 336 orderlies was embarked. L.J. HMHS Somersetshire was not recognized as a hospital ship by the U-boat. The MV Wilhelm Gustloff was a German armed military transport ship which was sunk on 30 January 1945 by Soviet submarine S-13 in the Baltic Sea while evacuating German civilian refugees from East Prussia, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland and Estonia and military personnel from Gotenhafen (Gdynia) as the Red Army advanced. She was the last American warship to be sunk in World War II, the last submarine kill, and the last victim of the Imperial Japanese Navy. But as casualties mounted at Gallipoli, the government - helped by a massive public fundraising campaign - converted them into state-of-the-art floating hospitals. Centaur . O. Lambart DSO Rtd) was sunk in German bombing at Dunkirk Roads at 2355. Report that appeared on “Ottawa Citizen”, March 13, 1941 The hospital ship “Attiki” was attacked during the night of 11 to 12 April 1941 and cost the lives of 28 people while sailing with her lights fully lit, in order to demonstrate her hospital ship colours near Cavo Doro. Returning from the Anzio beach-head, west coast of Italy, with Allied wounded, the St. David was deliberately sunk by enemy planes on Jan. 24, 1944. Italian Hospital ships damaged by shelling, machine guns, torpedoed by the Royal Navy durring the WW2: “Capri”, “Laurana”, “Meta”, “Princesss Giovanna “, “Rombo N”, “Toscana”, “Virgilio.” All these were white painted with the big Red Crosses like the Geneva Conventions. I enclose a copy of his Army Papers with a date on! Soviet Air Force and Soviet Naval AirForce were fundamental in the blockade of the Finnish coasts, sinking merchants that violated the block. 02/21/07. Attacked by German torpedo-carrying He-111H Bombers, Inland Sea. 1 1 1 bronze badge. In November 1941 it had rescued survivors of the German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran after it had sunk and been sunk by HMAS Sydney. The sinking shortly of the liner Lusitania started to swing American opinion strongly against Germany leading to entry into the war two years later. Until 1915 these steamers had carried passengers on the Tasman route. Notes: (1) Ships in BOLD capitals are those sunk or otherwise lost; in lower case bold, attacked and/or damaged.Variations in the published information are in brackets starting with an abbreviation for the source e.g. You may quote material on this web page as long as you cite American Merchant Marine at War, www.usmm.org, as the source. The Last Post ceremony on Thursday will commemorate the 268 souls who died when the ship was torpedoed by the Japanese in 1943. A WWII ship which divers think could contain the legendary Amber Room has been found at the bottom of the Baltic sea. These covered vessels of most belligerents, in numerical order losses were: Italy (7) Britain (5) Greece (4) Japan (3) Germany … The hospital ship “Esperos” was bombed and sunk, while at anchor in Messolonghi. three times as many large passenger ships were lost in World War 2 than were sunk in the four years of World War 1. In WW1 passenger ship losses were largely confined to the Allies; in WW2 both sides suffered . Information about Hospital Ships used by the British Army during the World Wars and the Falklands War : These have been used by the military to evacuate and treat army personnel until they could be transferred to military hospitals and treatment centres. Later departs for Palau, then to Balikpapan. Other ships were converted to hospital ships, where vast wards could be used to transport or treat wounded soldiers back to the relative safety of home ports. Seven lives were lost. 20 February 1944: Departs Yokosuka on her 18th hospital round-trip voyage. US protests lead to U-boats being ordered not to attack ships flying neutral flags, hospital ships (unless obviously engaged in trooping) and Belgian Relief ships. ), "List of maritime disasters in World War II", Learn how and when to remove this template message, attacked by Japanese torpedo and dive bombers, List of maritime disasters in the 18th century, List of maritime disasters in the 19th century, List of maritime disasters in the 20th century, List of maritime disasters in World War I, List of maritime disasters in the 21st century, List of accidents and disasters by death toll, List by death toll of ships sunk by submarines, "Chronological List of Japanese Merchant Vessel Losses", Submarine History: Submarine Service: Operations and Support: Royal Navy, "Aviation Machinists Mate 1/c Donald F. Mason "Sighted Sub – Sank Same, "Umona – Crew lists from ships hit by U-boats", "Loss of the MV Neptuna at Darwin, 19th February 1942 Report by John Hyde Ship Surgeon", International Association of Emergency Managers, International Disaster and Risk Conference, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_maritime_disasters_in_World_War_II&oldid=993646561, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from December 2013, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from June 2015, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 18:44. Sinking of the Centaur. The Hospital Ships of World War II. I Was There! Japanese Merchant Navy 1 152 Ships sunk; The failure of the Japanese to sail their merchant ships in convoy without adequate protection was one of the most appalling blunders in naval history, which resulted in the loss of 63% of their merchant shipping and contributed to their losing the War. Article four of the Hague Convention X outlined the restrictions for a hospital ship: 1. You may not use more than a few lines without permission. During WWII Australian-based hospital ships were operated by the Australian Shipping Control Board (ASCB) as HMAHS (His Majesty’s Australian Hospital Ship) although some sources incorrectly describe them as HMAS. Premantura Pula (Pola), Attacked by two British air plane (Beaufighters), Off Syracuse during the landings in Sicily, Bombed and sunk by an enemy aircraft whilst embarking wounded. Edit source History Talk (0) Comments … 1940: Jan (58) Feb (54) Mar (26) Apr (11) May (17) Jun (66) Jul (43) Aug (66) Sep (64) Oct (72) Nov (36) Dec (50) 563 ships hit in 1940. This German ship was sunk by a Russian submarine in 1945 with the loss of nearly 10,000 souls. [Clarification needed][citation needed] On August 24, 1943, the damaged vessel was deliberately sunk in 35 feet of water to create a pier for naval ships. c.. Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?149943, http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?131720, http://www.combinedfleet.com/Asahi%20Maru_t.htm, "Did the 13th AF or 5th AF Sink the Buenos Aires Maru", http://forum.armyairforces.com/Did-the-13th-AF-or-5th-AF-Sink-the-Buenos-Aires-Maru-m129404.aspx, http://www.combinedfleet.com/Buenos_t.htm, "SINKING OF THE 2/3 HOSPITAL SHIP A.H.S. The HS Awa Maru was displaying illuminated white crosses on its side when sunk. It was the most controversial disaster in U.S. naval history. A list of ships follows with the manner of destruction, date and location. share | improve this answer | follow | edited Jan 19 at 0:26. answered Jan 19 at 0:21. In all, 21 ships were labeled damaged or sunk after the attack. CENTAUR", http://www.ozatwar.com/ozatwar/centaur.htm, http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?137744, http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?139519, http://www.combinedfleet.com/Hikawa2_t.htm, http://doverferryphotos.co.uk/pastandpresent/mk2.htm, http://www.roll-of-honour.com/Ships/SSParis.html, http://www.bbc.co.uk/ww2peopleswar/stories/83/a2749683.shtml, http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?148082, http://www.feldgrau.net/forum/viewtopic.php?f=47&t=2969, http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?t=15688, "Aquileia RM (1940~1941) Aquileia MV (+1942)", http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?157322, http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?148042, http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?134092, http://www.roll-of-honour.com/Ships/HMHSStDavid.html, http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?142468, http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?156954, http://www.tynebuiltships.co.uk/T-Ships/talamba1924.html, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/List_of_hospital_ships_sunk_in_World_War_II?oldid=1597414. 175, Page 633, March 3, 1944. Each page has a map showing where the ships were attacked. It was sunk without warning by a torpedo from a Japanese submarine … Armenia – A hospital ship sunk on 7 November 1941 by German torpedo-carrying Heinkel … PT-172: Off Vella Lavella, Solomons 7 September 1943: Grounded and … In the early hours of Friday 14 May 1943 the hospital ship AHS Centaur, ablaze with lights, was torpedoed by Japanese submarine 1-177 off Moreton Island. The Royal Navy lost 50758 men killed in action, 820 missing in action and 14663 wounded in action.The Women's Royal Naval Servicelost 102 killed and 22 wounded. USS Solace (AH-5) Launched in 1927 as the passenger ship SS Iroquois, USS Solace was acquired by the US Navy and commissioned as a hospital ship on August 9th, 1941. Her other sister, HIE MARU is sunk at Truk in Nov '43. The HMHS, (His Majesty's Hospital Ship) Paris was sunk by German bombing off Dunkirk 02/06/1940. As told by Jim Bond. The HMHS Maid of Kent was also bombed and sunk while leaving Dieppe Harbour on 21/05/1940 . The Maheno and Marama were the poster ships of New Zealand's First World War effort. The story by Sec.-Lieut. (wi - in 53.50N, 00.50E). List of hospital ships sunk in World War II. Ships Sunk or Damaged in World War II Ships Home. Collides with oiler MANJU MARU, beached. I'm stuck at this point!!!! August 13, 2020 Ursa Major face wash sky broadband twitter. hospital ship sunk ww1. List of United States Navy and Coast Guard ships lost during World War II, from 31 October 1941 to 31 December 1946, sorted by type and name. 1939: Sep (52) Oct (37) Nov (30) Dec (46) 165 ships hit in 1939. Her service took her to Brisbane, Australia and Hollandia, New Guinea, where she assisted a major Army hospital. Like Like By Reuters Staff. THIS LINE OF TREES IS DEDICATED TO/ THE FOLLOWING HOSPITAL SHIPS AND CARRIERS SUNK BY ENEMY ACTION/ IN WORLD WAR TWO/ AND THE MERCHANT NAVY, RAMC AND QAIMNS PERSONNEL, / AND THEIR PATIENTS WHO WERE LOST WITH THEM/ AND IN OTHER SUCH VESSELS AS A RESULT OF ENEMY … Brisbane reported that a hospital ship was sunk at 0400K/14 May and that many survivors were picked up by a destroyer at 1414K/15 May. The Centaur, 2/3rd Australian Hospital Ship, was a motor passenger ship converted in early 1943 for use as a hospital ship. These are the American hospital ships that served in the Pacific Theater. With twenty-four hospital ships recorded as being sunk by enemy action during WWII it is difficult to reconcile that these were all accidental. Edit. Inscription. The SS Saigang, a British passenger and cargo ship, was hit by Japanese bomber attacks on April 9, 1942, while at anchor in Trincomalee harbor. : Cerigo Germany World War II: The cargo ship (1,120 GRT, 1922) was scuttled at Guayaquil, Ecuador.Later salvaged and entered Ecuadorian service as 24 de Mayo. USS Solace was decommissioned in March of 1946, and struck from the Naval Vessel Register on May 21st. The same hospital ship Arno, who was on board the survivors of Jason, was also struck by allied aircraft. The Indianapolis went down in 12 minutes. 25 December 1939 - Finnish battleship Ilmarinendamagedwith 1 KIA, 2 WIA 1 January 1940 Finnish merchant Leo(1243 GRT) sunk at Turku 18 January 1940 Finnish armed icebreaker Tarmoseverely damaged at Kotka, received two bombs from Pe-2 bombers with 39 KIA Finnish trooptransport Valamon Luostarisunk in Ladoga Lake 19 January 1940 Finnishmerchant Kaija(3… Again hit a mine on the same day and sank, Off Saint Matthias Island in Steffen Strait, Torpedoed and sunk by British aircraft torpedoes, Scuttled by placing explosive charges in the hull, 40 nautical miles (74 km) offshore of Salerno, Bombed by German aircraft. The first recorded was the Red Rover in 1860 during the American Civil War. War Memorial to honour victims of Australian hospital ship Centaur Ellen Savage was the only nurse to survive when the Centaur hospital ship sunk after it was bombed during World War II by a Japanese submarine along the east coast of … In 1918, Rewa, Rohilla's sister ship, also turned into a hospital ship, foundered in the Bristol Channel after being torpedoed. Before the war closed, seven of the sunken ships would see combat, and another three served in peacetime roles. Hospital ships were covered under the Hague Convention X of 1907. PT-166: Off New Georgia, Solomon Islands 20 July 1943: Accidentally strafed and sunk by US B-25 bomber. On 12 May 1943 the Centaur sailed unescorted from Sydney at 0945 hours carrying her crew and normal staff, as well as stores and equipment of the 2/12th Field Ambulance but no patients. On 18 November 1944 at 0745 hours near Pola the German hospital ship Tübingen was attacked by two double-engine British bombers with machine guns and bombs so that it sank, although the course of the hospital ship had been communicated to the British government well in advance of its voyage to Saloniki and back for the purpose of transporting wounded German soldiers. Though only three men, out of 550 people on board, were lost, the sinking caused … 3 Min Read. As a hospital ship, Britannic possessed 2,034 berths and 1,035 cots for casualties. Ruth Hindman, of the American Nursing Corps, is given here by courtesy of The Daily Telegraph. This is a list of naval vessels sunk or otherwise severely damaged with loss of life during the Second World War. The Paris had two sister ships Brighton and The Maid of Kent.Ironicaly both these vessels were sunk on the same day 21st May 1940, one in open water and the latter in Dieppe harbour. - The Nazis Bombed and Sank Our Hospital Ship. Dedicated 26.02.2002". This listing also includes constructive losses, which are ships that were damaged beyond economical repair and disposed of. All the 11 Italian hospital ships were attacked at least once during WW2, six were sunk (Arno, California, Città di Trapani, Po, Sicilia, Tevere) and … Fred Norman Fred Norman. In January 1943 the Chief of Staff, U.S. Army, and Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Navy agreed that the formation of a joint committee to assess enemy Naval and merchant shipping losses during World War II would be desirable. The HMHS Maid of Kent was also bombed and sunk while leaving Dieppe Harbour on 21/05/1940 share | improve this answer | follow | Before the war closed, seven of the sunken ships would see combat, and another three served in peacetime roles. This was supported by a ship's crew of 675. Centaur was … Sunk by mine (Italian) HMS Calypso (D61) off Crete: 12 June 1940: Sunk by Italian submarine Bagnolini: HMS Coventry (D43) off Crete: 14 September 1942: Scuttled following German air attack HMS Curacoa (D41) off Ireland: 2 October 1942: Rammed by RMS Queen Mary: HMS Curlew (D42) off Narvik: 26 May 1940: Sunk by German aircraft HMS Cairo (D87) off Bizerte: 12 August 1942 Though hospital ships, painted with the internationally recognised symbol of the Red Cross to signify their humanitarian purpose, were meant to be the exception, in practice they were not exempt from attack. But another 12 were sunk, and some of those were even declared lost. Click on the month to see list of all ships hit that month. Commissioned 7 Aug 44 – US Navy Hospital Ship AH-8 ‘USS Mercy’, ex-C 1-B freighter hull, built 1943 – 15 knots – 400 patients – San Pedro > Southwest Pacific 31 Aug 44 – 214th Med Hosp Ship Co (decommissioned 17 May 46, reactivated as Hospital Ship and transferred to US Army 20 Jun 46, struck from Naval Register 25 Sep 46) List of hospital ships sunk in World War II From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Hospital ships should display large Red Crosses or Red Crescents. www.USMM.org ©1998 - 2007. 114 crew members, 64 medical staff members and two stewardesses abandoned ship in 13 lifeboats. Nine of them were still afloat and were either quickly repaired for frontline duty or sent to the U.S. West Coast for repairs and new equipment. Sunk on board SS Stanvac Manila when that ship was torpedoed and sunk by Japanese submarine I-17. Hospital ship ST DAVID, at anchor off Dover, was damaged at 0845/1st by the spontaneous explosion of a mine. These ships are considered war graves. 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