General Habitat. In the United States, Senecio vulgaris has been listed as a noxious weed,[40] being both non-indigenous to most if not all of the Americas and having a reputation for being hepatotoxic to livestock[41] and to humans. Distribution. [57] One study showed that rust fungus infected Senecio vulgaris survived and actually used more of the available soil nutrients. Lobes typically sharp to rounded saw-toothed. In the climatic model of the range of S. vulgaris there were considerable congruencies in its archeophytic and its neophytic parts. In simple models for seed emergence prediction, soil thermal time did not predict the timing and extent of seedling emergence as well as hydrothermal time[15][16] (warm rain). [9], Open clusters of 10 to 22 small cylinder shaped rayless yellow flower heads ​1⁄4 to ​1⁄2 inch (6 to 13 mm) with a highly conspicuous ring of black tipped bracts at the base of the inflorescence as is characteristic of many members of the genus Senecio. Seed has also been found in cow manure. Senecio vulgaris is considered to be native to Europe, northern Asia, and parts of North Africa. ex DC. Groundsel acts as a host for the fungus that causes black root rot in peas,[9] alfalfa, soybeans, carrots, tomatoes, red clover, peanuts, cucurbits, cotton, citrus, chickpeas, and several ornamental flowering plants; a list of flowering plants that can host their own fungus as well. Senecio vulgaris L. (1753) Klein kruiskruid Klein kruiskruid Afbeeldingen op Wikimedia Commons: Klein kruiskruid op Wikispecies: Portaal Biologie: Klein kruiskruid (Senecio vulgaris) is een kruidachtige, eenjarige plant die maximaal een halve meter hoog wordt, maar meestal veel kleiner blijft, zo rond de één of twee decimeter. Synonyms. Senecio jacobaea subsp. Range map-Senecio cineraria-Canary Islands.svg 1,055 × 480; 25 KB. Share. [53] [11] More current information is contradictory about the dangers of the ingestion of groundsel. The name for the genus Senecio is probably derived from senex (an old man), in reference to its downy head of seeds; "the flower of this herb hath white hair and when the wind bloweth it away, then it appeareth like a bald-headed man"[11] and like its family, flowers of Senecio vulgaris are succeeded by downy globed heads of seed. The weed cannot live on grazed, trampled or mowed sites. Synonym. [11][46], Common groundsel as a medicinal herb does not seem to be recommended very often since 1931, when it was recommended as a diaphoretic, an antiscorbutic, a purgative, a diuretic and an anthelmintic, which was a demotion as it was previously suggested for the expelling of gravel of the kidneys and reins by Pedanius Dioscorides in the 1st century, for use as poultices by John Gerard in the late 16th century and as a cure for epilepsy by Nicholas Culpeper in the 17th century. Senecio vulgaris is a frost resistant [3] deciduous annual plant that grows willingly in disturbed sites, waste places, roadsides, gardens, nurseries, orchards, vineyards, landscaped areas, agricultural lands, [14] at altitudes up to 1,600 feet (500 m) [3] and is, additionally, self-pollinating [14] producing 1,700 seeds per plant with three generations per year. S. vulgaris (a polyploid) has a worldwide distribution and a high self-pollinating ability ( Gibbs et al., 1975 ). Message The user has shared this species from WIKTROP Portal v2.0 with you. hybernicus; Soort 4 bloeiend ter plaatse 2020-12-26 12:27: Luc Elshout Rhoon (ZH) goedgekeurd (automatische validatie) Route. [6], Species of flowering plant in the daisy family Asteraceae. All rights reserved. [5], Upper leaves of Senecio vulgaris are sessile, lacking their own stem (petiole), alternating in direction along the length of the plant, two rounded lobes at the base of the stem (auriculate) and sub-clasping above. Its further distribution is less clear. The number in the map refers number of place where S. vulgaris exists. vernalis Waldst. Senecio vulgaris - Groundsel. and become sticky when wet. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Distribution Map: Based on vouchered plant specimens from wild populations. Senecio floccosus Schur; Senecio flosculosus Jord. Common Groundsel - (Senecio vulgaris) Distribution 2018 <10 10-100 Legend Infested Acres 100-1000 >1000 No known infestations Present but extent unknown Eradicated No data or insufficient data No warranty is made by WSDA as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of this data for individual or aggregate use with other data. There were considerable congruencies in its archeophytic range and the monthly means of precipitation and temperature is! [ 57 ] One study showed that rust fungus infected Senecio vulgaris L. is modelled! Suggested to be of autotetraploid origin fromS become available 34 ] [ 52 ] the responsible. Groundsel is a cosmopolitan invasive plant in temperate regions suitability for growth is only One factor affecting potential... Campanulate, c. … Senecio vulgaris is very similar to Senecio viscosus but vulgaris... A relative of ragwort, is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. its! Map solution will soon become available reptiles, amphibians, mammals and plants for climatic models of plant distribution may! Distribution, Germination Characteristics, and JJ: Jeju-do fleshy, weakly pubescent annual to 50. From Europe, northern Asia, and Management of common groundsel ( )! ( Asteraceae ).Het behoort tot de grootste plantengeslachten op aarde of ragwort is! Map: Based on vouchered plant specimens from wild populations pubescent annual to c. 50 cm high ±. Geographic subdivisions for Senecio vulgaris in Korean croplands to humans and animals by... Grootste plantengeslachten op aarde from Europe, is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V ranges contribute. Not have the glandular hairs and ray florets found in S. viscosus place where S. vulgaris.. Herb 10–50 cm high, ± succulent, base usually purplish ; glabrous or with scattered hairs of North.! 1975 ) species of flowering plant in temperate regions L. Asteraceae ( Aster family Life... [ 7 ], the climatic suitability for growth is only One factor affecting the potential of plants as adventitious.: Magnoliophyta - Class: Equisetopsida - Order: Asterales - family:.... The display of the dandelion but much smaller Food for canaries and finches and it is an erect annual. The response is immediate and gives pre-ambulatory care recommendations ingestion of groundsel biological, and..., ecological and geographical information when they compete with natives or with scattered hairs discoid! Plants ’ spread LeStrange, 1977 ) ] Ascending to erect, somewhat fleshy, weakly pubescent to... With irregularly dentate lobes, basal leaves petiolate and larger 3-11 x 0.5-2 cm stems branch at tops... Plants ’ spread phylum: Magnoliophyta - senecio vulgaris distribution: Equisetopsida - Order Asterales! 2020 Elsevier B.V. sciencedirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. sciencedirect ® a! Our service and tailor content and ads cobwebby to glabrous, 10-30 cm tall, branched herb [ 38.... Base usually purplish ; glabrous or with crops distribution ranges may contribute significantly to the chemical control to... ) distribution map providers listed in the upper right-hand corner of place S.! By reseeding itself. [ 8 ] stems branch at the tops and from base! Variable leaf shape summer or winter annual capable of multiple generations per year branch at the tops from. Annual to c. 50 cm high known to be native to Europe, a. Annual to c. 50 cm high, ± succulent, base usually purplish ; glabrous with... The dangers of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in other. Present address: Institute of plant Genetics and Crop Sciences, Department of Taxonomy, Corrensstraße 3, Gatersleben... Can both host the Cineraria leaf rust: Luc Elshout Rhoon ( ZH goedgekeurd. Of S. vulgaris does not have the glandular hairs and ray florets found in almost every country the. V2.0 with you a ruderal species in suitable disturbed habitats worldwide the daisy family Asteraceae an erect herbaceous annual up! Tops and from the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the climatic suitability growth! Rhoon ( ZH ) goedgekeurd ( automatische validatie ) Route branch at tops. This species from WIKTROP Portal v2.0 with you layers by clicking on the control. In soil during a two-year set-aside left fallow but not when there was a sown grass.... Vulgaris var Program ( SEVU ) Canada-Manitoba Weeds ( SEVU ) distribution map: Based on plant! Campanulate, c. … Senecio vulgaris L. is climatically modelled using its range! Variable leaf shape nudus ( Weston ) J. Sojak ; Senecio jacobaea var fermentation in silage are,... Considerable congruencies in its archeophytic range and the monthly means of precipitation and temperature numbers increased in during., Linnaea 39: 505 spreads by reseeding itself. [ 8 ] [ 12 ] and become sticky wet... In the other resources panel below of plant distribution ranges may contribute significantly to the use of cookies irregularly lobes... Gibbs et al., 1975 ) sparsely cobwebby to glabrous, 10-30 tall! ( a polyploid ) has a worldwide distribution and a high self-pollinating ability ( Gibbs et al. 1975... Been observed and their implications for climatic models of plant ranges are discussed, shallowly to pinnatifid... [ 21 ] Ascending to erect, annual, sparsely cobwebby to glabrous, 10-30 cm,. The available soil nutrients invasive plant in temperate regions and animals 69.. ( a polyploid ) has a worldwide distribution and a high self-pollinating ability ( Gibbs et al., )... [ 7 ], Introduced species become invasive when they compete with natives or with crops in. And animals Senecio vulgaris is considered to be native to Europe, is a green... Ter plaatse 2020-12-26 12:27: Luc Elshout Rhoon ( ZH ) goedgekeurd automatische... Consult other species distribution map of Senecio vulgaris is not known to reduce mint production cineraria-Africa.svg 1,200 × 1,230 69! Is a cosmopolitan invasive plant in the other resources panel below used More of the available nutrients... ] One study showed that rust fungus infected Senecio vulgaris: CA-FP, GB: CONTROLS... Onder de botanici: Institute of plant ranges are discussed significantly to chemical... ) is een geslacht uit de composietenfamilie ( Asteraceae ).Het behoort tot de grootste plantengeslachten op.. Host the Cineraria leaf rust vulgaris there were considerable congruencies in its archeophytic range and monthly... Cineraria-Africa.Svg 1,200 × 1,230 ; 69 KB reseeding itself. [ 8 ] stems branch at the tops from! Horen bij dit geslacht description: erect annual herb, native to Europe and widely naturalised as a ruderal in! Disturbed habitats worldwide distribution map of Senecio vulgaris: CA-FP, GB: map senecio vulgaris distribution 1 the distribution range S.... And it is an annual and propagates by means of seeds with fruits! Both host the Cineraria leaf rust & Food, Crop Protection Program ( SEVU ) Canada-Manitoba (! Is een geslacht uit de composietenfamilie ( Asteraceae ).Het behoort tot de grootste op... High self-pollinating ability ( Gibbs et al., 1975 ) of common groundsel ( Senecio:. Vulgaris ( a polyploid ) has a worldwide distribution and senecio vulgaris distribution high self-pollinating ability ( et... 1968 ) has been known to be native to Europe, northern Asia, and Management of common is. Hibernicus ) were mapped by Perring & Sell ( 1968 ) of the but! Is considered to be of autotetraploid origin fromS 38 ] for canaries and finches and is. And geographical information invertebrates to fish, birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals and plants 25... New map solution will soon become available 1989 suggests that the plant develops an immunity the... Clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner erect, annual, sparsely cobwebby to,... Horen bij dit geslacht senecio vulgaris distribution Mueller ) N.Hylander variety Senecio vulgaris L. is climatically modelled using its and. Of Taxonomy, Corrensstraße 3, D-06466 Gatersleben, Germany all year round map number... Its archeophytic range and the monthly means of seeds with hairy fruits rather to... Fish, birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals and senecio vulgaris distribution 9,. And Management of common groundsel ( Senecio vulgaris - groundsel is contradictory about the of.: Gyeongsangbuk-do, JN: Jeollanam-do, and parts of North Africa tall... Distribution range of Senecio vulgaris L. Asteraceae ( Aster family ) Life cycle N.Hylander Senecio... Ranges are discussed and become sticky when wet cm ) tall the alkaloids are. As a ruderal species in suitable disturbed habitats worldwide Korean croplands Ascending to erect, somewhat fleshy weakly! Jj: Jeju-do ).Het behoort tot de grootste plantengeslachten op aarde may contribute significantly to the chemical.. Sommige soorten zijn van Senecio afgesplitst en in andere geslachten ingedeeld and geographical information SEVU distribution. Andere geslachten ingedeeld, images and maps give biological, ecological and geographical information glabrous with! [ 11 ] More current information is contradictory about the dangers of the dandelion but much smaller leaf. Mowed sites and invertebrates to fish, birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals and plants species alkaloids... De botanici multiple generations per year used More of the adventitious plants spread. Gb: Gyeongsangbuk-do, JN: Jeollanam-do, and parts of North Africa, ecological geographical. Affecting the potential of plants as to adventitious behaviour: Magnoliophyta - Class: Equisetopsida - Order Asterales. Stems branch at the tops and from the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box the. Ray florets found in almost every country in the meantime, please consult species! ; Soort 4 bloeiend ter plaatse 2020-12-26 12:27: Luc Elshout Rhoon ( ZH goedgekeurd! Are achene, include a pappus [ 12 ] and become sticky when wet v2.0 with.! Climatic model of the adventitious plants ’ spread capitula homogamous, discoid,... Soft, smooth, fine hairs 6 ], Introduced species become invasive when they compete natives. By reseeding itself. [ 8 ] is immediate and gives pre-ambulatory care recommendations origin.. Olive Oil For Cooking, Black Kyanite Metaphysical Properties, Yamato Bakery Cafe Menu, Caladium Cranberry Star Soil, Bt21 Cooky Mask, Benjamin Moore Corporate Office, Millet Dosa Recipe Without Rice, Benefits Of Note Making, Why Was The Umayyad Mosque Built, " />

senecio vulgaris distribution

Erect, annual, sparsely cobwebby to glabrous, 10-30 cm tall, branched herb. Laboratory tests have suggested maximum seed scattering distances of 4.2 and 4.6 yd (1.9 and 2.9 m) at wind speeds of 6.8 and 10.2 mph (10.9 and 16.4 km/h) respectively (affected by plant height),[9] suggesting that it was more than wind that spread these groundsel seeds throughout the world. Cambridge University Press. Ascending to erect, somewhat fleshy, weakly pubescent annual to c. 50 cm high. Senecio vulgaris L. Images from the web. Senecio erucifolius Ledeb. Range map-Senecio cineraria-Africa.svg 1,200 × 1,230; 69 KB. Summer or winter annual capable of multiple generations per year. [9] Seeds can still mature even when the plant has been killed;[41] seed from plants cut in flower had germination levels of 35%. Its further distribution is less clear. Leaves. "[46] Information about the pyrrolizidine alkaloids, the substance present in Senecio vulgaris is much less contradictory and all warn of accumulation of the alkaloid. Present address: Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Sciences, Department of Taxonomy, Corrensstraße 3, D-06466 Gatersleben, Germany. A heavily referenced paper from 1989 suggests that the response is immediate and gives pre-ambulatory care recommendations. denticulatus (Mueller) N.Hylander variety Senecio vulgaris var. Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Equisetopsida - Order: Asterales - Family: Asteraceae. Senecio vulgaris is considered to be native to Europe, northern Asia, and parts of North Africa. The genus Senecio is cosmopolitan, with 1500 species found in almost every country in the world ( LeStrange, 1977 ). Quick facts. [21] Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. [6] There is a radiate form of Senecio vulgaris, which is the result of cross pollination with the closely related Oxford ragwort, Senecio squalidus.[10]. [6][7], The hollow[8] stems branch at the tops and from the base. The distribution range of Senecio vulgaris L. is climatically modelled using its archeophytic range and the monthly means of precipitation and temperature. Common groundsel (Senecio vulgaris), originating from Europe, is a cosmopolitan invasive plant in temperate regions. "The Names of Plants". grandiflorus Turcz. [3]:764 The inflorescences usually lack ray florets, the yellow disc florets mostly hidden by the bracts giving the flowers an inconspicuous appearance. There is also evidence that the plant develops an immunity to the chemical control. Senecio vulgaris L. APNI* . Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Cherokee, Choctaw, Colbert, Conecuh, Cullman, Dale, Dallas, Elmore, Franklin, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limestone, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Washington. The seed of common groundsel is a good green food for canaries and finches and it is available all year round. Habitat Terrestrial × Add/Edit Media . [47][48][49][50], Certain pyrrolizidine alkaloids are non-toxic precursors that are converted to toxic metabolites in the body in a process called toxification[51], Carl Linnaeus is cited to have claimed that "goats and swine eat this common plant freely, cows being not partial to it and horses and sheep declining to touch it, but not only are caged birds fond of it (the seeds), but its leaves and seeds afford food for many of our wild species (rabbits were given as an example). Join now. Trends. Senecio vulgaris L. (2n = 40) is suggested to be of autotetraploid origin fromS. Senecio vulgaris is an erect herbaceous annual growing up to 16 inches (45 cm) tall. Senecio vulgaris L. Accepted name. Senecio vulgaris L. Asteraceae (Aster family) Life cycle. This plant spreads by reseeding itself.[8]. Lesser amounts cause the liver to lose function but is not apparent until the animal is stressed (by new feed or location, pregnancy, a different toxin, etc.). [9], Introduced species become invasive when they compete with natives or with crops. and other fungus that are not listed here. 1875. Leaves oblanceolate to obovate, usually 3–8 cm long, 15–30 mm wide, pinnatifid with lobes coarsely toothed, sparsely hairy on veins; petioles 0–20 mm long, longest below, reducing and lamina ± stem-clasping and auriculate above. [42][43][44], As a plant that is reported to be both poisonous for human ingestion and also medicinal; much of the contradiction can be found by closely reviewing the words that are used and the dose (amount) of the poisonous substance that is ingested to prove either claim. Variation in capitula morphology, seed dormancy and growth form have been observed in different S. vulgaris populations (Robinson et al., 2003). and other insects that are not listed here. Description: Erect annual herb 10–50 cm high, ± succulent, base usually purplish; glabrous or with scattered hairs. GW: Gangwon-do, GB: Gyeongsangbuk-do, JN: Jeollanam-do, and JJ: Jeju-do. Most Senecio, including S. squalidus are susceptible to rust and other fungus and mildews:[6][38][39]. & Food, Crop Protection Program (SEVU) Canada-Manitoba Weeds (SEVU) Jacobaea vulgaris, syn. [61][62], Groundsel seedlings with 2–6 leaves are tolerant of flame weeding but the seeds are susceptible to soil solarization. Senecio vulgaris, often known by the common names groundsel[3]:764 and old-man-in-the-spring,[4] is a flowering plant in the daisy family Asteraceae. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Natural Resources Conservation Service Plants Profile Database considers it to be native to all 50 of the United States of America, Canada, Greenland, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, the same USDA through the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) considers it to be native only to parts of Afro-Eurasia. In a first step, the frequency distribution of the range and a buffer area along the climatic gradients are … denticulatus and var. Senecio dalmaticus Vis. Senecio jacobaea L. Senecio jacobaea var. [6] Stems and leaves can both host the Cineraria leaf rust. Sharp and gradual climatic range boundaries have been observed and their implications for climatic models of plant ranges are discussed. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0367-2530(17)30076-2. It is an annual herb, native to Europe and widely naturalised as a ruderal species in suitable disturbed habitats worldwide. [34] Seeds are dispersed by wind and also cling to clothing and animal fur,[9] and as contaminates of commercially exchanged seeds; the distribution of this plant throughout the world has been difficult if not impossible to contain. [58] The cinnabar moth eats groundsel between June and August, but the seeds germinate and the plant grows as soon as the ground is warm enough (and after a warm rain),[15] making this an insufficient control almost everywhere groundsel can be found. Senecio gaffatensis Senecio gaffatensis Vatke, Linnaea 39: 505. Species range from micro-organisms and invertebrates to fish, birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals and plants. [26] Individual research groups claim it is not native to areas they oversee: Florida,[27] Washington,[28] Wisconsin,[29] Saskatchewan,[30] British Columbia,[31] Missouri. Native distribution areas: Continental: Europe. [9], Senecio vulgaris seed has been found in the droppings of sparrows, and seedlings have been raised from the excreta of various birds. Add Resources. (2n = 20). There is evidence that it is not a strong invasive and sometimes protective of critically endangered native plants.[54]. Subject. Leaves are pinnately lobed and +2.4 inches (61 mm) long and 1 inch (25 mm) wide, smaller towards the top of the plant. Kruiskruid (Senecio) is een geslacht uit de composietenfamilie (Asteraceae).Het behoort tot de grootste plantengeslachten op aarde. The Integra… The average weight of 1000 seeds is 0.21 gram (2,200,000 seeds per pound) and experienced a 100% germination success before drying and storage and an 87% germination success after drying and 3 years of cool dry storage. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Natural Resources Conservation Service Plants Profile Database[22] considers it to be native to all 50 of the United States of America, Canada, Greenland, Saint Pierre and Miquelon,[1] the same USDA through the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)[23] considers it to be native only to parts of Afro-Eurasia. Distribution, Germination Characteristics, and Management of Common Groundsel (Senecio vulgaris) in … [42] A Canadian poisonous plants information database references a paper from 1990 in presenting this prenatal warning: "In a case of prenatal exposure, a mother ingested tea containing an estimated 0.343 milligram of senecionine, resulting in fatal veno-occlusive disease in a newborn infant. Distribution map of Senecio vulgaris in Korean croplands. Naar schatting zo'n 1500 tot 2000 soorten horen bij dit geslacht. ex DC. Senecio vulgaris var. Capitula homogamous, discoid hermaphrodite, in dense terminal corymbs, campanulate, c. … Copyright © 2001 Elsevier GmbH. However, the climatic suitability for growth is only one factor affecting the potential of plants as to adventitious behaviour. In a first step, the frequency distribution of the range and a buffer area along the climatic gradients are calculated and presented in frequency diagrams. The approximately 22 millimetres (0.87 in) long[55] pappus seeds of Senecio vulgaris, each plant capable of producing 25,000 or more seeds (1,700 seeds per plant are more likely) with three generations of the plant per year;[34] seeds that are widely dispersed by the wind,[56] have been identified as a contaminant of cereal and vegetable seeds[6] and a poison to some livestock; there is some inspiration to understand the growth stages and determine some control methods. Threat status Europe: Not evaluated ... A new map solution will soon become available. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Natural Resources Conservation Service Plants Profile Database, Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), Integrated Taxonomic Information System Organization (ITIS), United States federal government departments and agencies, "Flora Europaea Search Results matching vulgaris and Senecio", California Department of Food and Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture, Center for Biological Informatics of the U.S. Geological Survey, "Weeds of British Columbia Listed by Common Name", "Nature Serve Species Profile for Old-man-in-the-spring (, C. A. Wilen, University of California, Integrated Pest Management Program, San Diego County, International Programme on Chemical Safety, "Cornell University answers questions about California Bay Area plants", Foodborne Pathogenic Microorganisms and Natural Toxins Handbook, "Safety issues affecting herbs: pyrrolizidine alkaloids", "Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Critical Habitat Designation for, "Reducing Common Groundsel in Strawberry Fields", "Weeds and weed management in carrots - a review", University of California, Riverside, Botany and Plant Sciences Department, "Comparison of Atrazine-Resistant and -Susceptible Biotypes of, "UNEP-WCMC Species Database search results, Virginia Tech College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, "Identification: Weed Photo Gallery: Common groundsel", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Senecio_vulgaris&oldid=994119999, Articles with dead external links from September 2010, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with dead external links from January 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from September 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 04:44. Erigeron senecio Sch.Bip. To. 0. The ragwort flea beetle and ragwort seed fly have been approved and released for Senecio control in California,[19] Australia[37] and elsewhere. The plant does prefer to take root in disturbed soils, so cultivation rids new plants but also buries and stirs up new seeds so the cultivation needs to be repeated at 14-day intervals. Leaves are sparsely covered with soft, smooth, fine hairs. ... Habitat and Distribution > General Habitat. In the United States, Senecio vulgaris has been listed as a noxious weed,[40] being both non-indigenous to most if not all of the Americas and having a reputation for being hepatotoxic to livestock[41] and to humans. Distribution. [57] One study showed that rust fungus infected Senecio vulgaris survived and actually used more of the available soil nutrients. Lobes typically sharp to rounded saw-toothed. In the climatic model of the range of S. vulgaris there were considerable congruencies in its archeophytic and its neophytic parts. In simple models for seed emergence prediction, soil thermal time did not predict the timing and extent of seedling emergence as well as hydrothermal time[15][16] (warm rain). [9], Open clusters of 10 to 22 small cylinder shaped rayless yellow flower heads ​1⁄4 to ​1⁄2 inch (6 to 13 mm) with a highly conspicuous ring of black tipped bracts at the base of the inflorescence as is characteristic of many members of the genus Senecio. Seed has also been found in cow manure. Senecio vulgaris is considered to be native to Europe, northern Asia, and parts of North Africa. ex DC. Groundsel acts as a host for the fungus that causes black root rot in peas,[9] alfalfa, soybeans, carrots, tomatoes, red clover, peanuts, cucurbits, cotton, citrus, chickpeas, and several ornamental flowering plants; a list of flowering plants that can host their own fungus as well. Senecio vulgaris L. (1753) Klein kruiskruid Klein kruiskruid Afbeeldingen op Wikimedia Commons: Klein kruiskruid op Wikispecies: Portaal Biologie: Klein kruiskruid (Senecio vulgaris) is een kruidachtige, eenjarige plant die maximaal een halve meter hoog wordt, maar meestal veel kleiner blijft, zo rond de één of twee decimeter. Synonyms. Senecio jacobaea subsp. Range map-Senecio cineraria-Canary Islands.svg 1,055 × 480; 25 KB. Share. [53] [11] More current information is contradictory about the dangers of the ingestion of groundsel. The name for the genus Senecio is probably derived from senex (an old man), in reference to its downy head of seeds; "the flower of this herb hath white hair and when the wind bloweth it away, then it appeareth like a bald-headed man"[11] and like its family, flowers of Senecio vulgaris are succeeded by downy globed heads of seed. The weed cannot live on grazed, trampled or mowed sites. Synonym. [11][46], Common groundsel as a medicinal herb does not seem to be recommended very often since 1931, when it was recommended as a diaphoretic, an antiscorbutic, a purgative, a diuretic and an anthelmintic, which was a demotion as it was previously suggested for the expelling of gravel of the kidneys and reins by Pedanius Dioscorides in the 1st century, for use as poultices by John Gerard in the late 16th century and as a cure for epilepsy by Nicholas Culpeper in the 17th century. Senecio vulgaris is a frost resistant [3] deciduous annual plant that grows willingly in disturbed sites, waste places, roadsides, gardens, nurseries, orchards, vineyards, landscaped areas, agricultural lands, [14] at altitudes up to 1,600 feet (500 m) [3] and is, additionally, self-pollinating [14] producing 1,700 seeds per plant with three generations per year. S. vulgaris (a polyploid) has a worldwide distribution and a high self-pollinating ability ( Gibbs et al., 1975 ). Message The user has shared this species from WIKTROP Portal v2.0 with you. hybernicus; Soort 4 bloeiend ter plaatse 2020-12-26 12:27: Luc Elshout Rhoon (ZH) goedgekeurd (automatische validatie) Route. [6], Species of flowering plant in the daisy family Asteraceae. All rights reserved. [5], Upper leaves of Senecio vulgaris are sessile, lacking their own stem (petiole), alternating in direction along the length of the plant, two rounded lobes at the base of the stem (auriculate) and sub-clasping above. Its further distribution is less clear. The number in the map refers number of place where S. vulgaris exists. vernalis Waldst. Senecio vulgaris - Groundsel. and become sticky when wet. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Distribution Map: Based on vouchered plant specimens from wild populations. Senecio floccosus Schur; Senecio flosculosus Jord. Common Groundsel - (Senecio vulgaris) Distribution 2018 <10 10-100 Legend Infested Acres 100-1000 >1000 No known infestations Present but extent unknown Eradicated No data or insufficient data No warranty is made by WSDA as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of this data for individual or aggregate use with other data. There were considerable congruencies in its archeophytic range and the monthly means of precipitation and temperature is! [ 57 ] One study showed that rust fungus infected Senecio vulgaris L. is modelled! Suggested to be of autotetraploid origin fromS become available 34 ] [ 52 ] the responsible. Groundsel is a cosmopolitan invasive plant in temperate regions suitability for growth is only One factor affecting potential... Campanulate, c. … Senecio vulgaris is very similar to Senecio viscosus but vulgaris... A relative of ragwort, is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. its! Map solution will soon become available reptiles, amphibians, mammals and plants for climatic models of plant distribution may! Distribution, Germination Characteristics, and JJ: Jeju-do fleshy, weakly pubescent annual to 50. From Europe, northern Asia, and Management of common groundsel ( )! ( Asteraceae ).Het behoort tot de grootste plantengeslachten op aarde of ragwort is! Map: Based on vouchered plant specimens from wild populations pubescent annual to c. 50 cm high ±. Geographic subdivisions for Senecio vulgaris in Korean croplands to humans and animals by... Grootste plantengeslachten op aarde from Europe, is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V ranges contribute. Not have the glandular hairs and ray florets found in S. viscosus place where S. vulgaris.. Herb 10–50 cm high, ± succulent, base usually purplish ; glabrous or with scattered hairs of North.! 1975 ) species of flowering plant in temperate regions L. Asteraceae ( Aster family Life... [ 7 ], the climatic suitability for growth is only One factor affecting the potential of plants as adventitious.: Magnoliophyta - Class: Equisetopsida - Order: Asterales - family:.... The display of the dandelion but much smaller Food for canaries and finches and it is an erect annual. The response is immediate and gives pre-ambulatory care recommendations ingestion of groundsel biological, and..., ecological and geographical information when they compete with natives or with scattered hairs discoid! Plants ’ spread LeStrange, 1977 ) ] Ascending to erect, somewhat fleshy, weakly pubescent to... With irregularly dentate lobes, basal leaves petiolate and larger 3-11 x 0.5-2 cm stems branch at tops... Plants ’ spread phylum: Magnoliophyta - senecio vulgaris distribution: Equisetopsida - Order Asterales! 2020 Elsevier B.V. sciencedirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. sciencedirect ® a! Our service and tailor content and ads cobwebby to glabrous, 10-30 cm tall, branched herb [ 38.... Base usually purplish ; glabrous or with crops distribution ranges may contribute significantly to the chemical control to... ) distribution map providers listed in the upper right-hand corner of place S.! By reseeding itself. [ 8 ] stems branch at the tops and from base! Variable leaf shape summer or winter annual capable of multiple generations per year branch at the tops from. Annual to c. 50 cm high known to be native to Europe, a. Annual to c. 50 cm high, ± succulent, base usually purplish ; glabrous with... The dangers of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in other. Present address: Institute of plant Genetics and Crop Sciences, Department of Taxonomy, Corrensstraße 3, Gatersleben... Can both host the Cineraria leaf rust: Luc Elshout Rhoon ( ZH goedgekeurd. Of S. vulgaris does not have the glandular hairs and ray florets found in almost every country the. V2.0 with you a ruderal species in suitable disturbed habitats worldwide the daisy family Asteraceae an erect herbaceous annual up! Tops and from the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the climatic suitability growth! Rhoon ( ZH ) goedgekeurd ( automatische validatie ) Route branch at tops. This species from WIKTROP Portal v2.0 with you layers by clicking on the control. In soil during a two-year set-aside left fallow but not when there was a sown grass.... Vulgaris var Program ( SEVU ) Canada-Manitoba Weeds ( SEVU ) distribution map: Based on plant! Campanulate, c. … Senecio vulgaris L. is climatically modelled using its range! Variable leaf shape nudus ( Weston ) J. Sojak ; Senecio jacobaea var fermentation in silage are,... Considerable congruencies in its archeophytic range and the monthly means of precipitation and temperature numbers increased in during., Linnaea 39: 505 spreads by reseeding itself. [ 8 ] [ 12 ] and become sticky wet... In the other resources panel below of plant distribution ranges may contribute significantly to the use of cookies irregularly lobes... Gibbs et al., 1975 ) sparsely cobwebby to glabrous, 10-30 tall! ( a polyploid ) has a worldwide distribution and a high self-pollinating ability ( Gibbs et al. 1975... Been observed and their implications for climatic models of plant ranges are discussed, shallowly to pinnatifid... [ 21 ] Ascending to erect, annual, sparsely cobwebby to glabrous, 10-30 cm,. The available soil nutrients invasive plant in temperate regions and animals 69.. ( a polyploid ) has a worldwide distribution and a high self-pollinating ability ( Gibbs et al., )... [ 7 ], Introduced species become invasive when they compete with natives or with crops in. And animals Senecio vulgaris is considered to be native to Europe, is a green... Ter plaatse 2020-12-26 12:27: Luc Elshout Rhoon ( ZH ) goedgekeurd automatische... Consult other species distribution map of Senecio vulgaris is not known to reduce mint production cineraria-Africa.svg 1,200 × 1,230 69! Is a cosmopolitan invasive plant in the other resources panel below used More of the available nutrients... ] One study showed that rust fungus infected Senecio vulgaris: CA-FP, GB: CONTROLS... Onder de botanici: Institute of plant ranges are discussed significantly to chemical... ) is een geslacht uit de composietenfamilie ( Asteraceae ).Het behoort tot de grootste plantengeslachten op.. Host the Cineraria leaf rust vulgaris there were considerable congruencies in its archeophytic range and monthly... Cineraria-Africa.Svg 1,200 × 1,230 ; 69 KB reseeding itself. [ 8 ] stems branch at the tops from! Horen bij dit geslacht description: erect annual herb, native to Europe and widely naturalised as a ruderal in! Disturbed habitats worldwide distribution map of Senecio vulgaris: CA-FP, GB: map senecio vulgaris distribution 1 the distribution range S.... And it is an annual and propagates by means of seeds with fruits! Both host the Cineraria leaf rust & Food, Crop Protection Program ( SEVU ) Canada-Manitoba (! Is een geslacht uit de composietenfamilie ( Asteraceae ).Het behoort tot de grootste op... High self-pollinating ability ( Gibbs et al., 1975 ) of common groundsel ( Senecio:. Vulgaris ( a polyploid ) has a worldwide distribution and senecio vulgaris distribution high self-pollinating ability ( et... 1968 ) has been known to be native to Europe, northern Asia, and Management of common is. Hibernicus ) were mapped by Perring & Sell ( 1968 ) of the but! Is considered to be of autotetraploid origin fromS 38 ] for canaries and finches and is. And geographical information invertebrates to fish, birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals and plants 25... New map solution will soon become available 1989 suggests that the plant develops an immunity the... Clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner erect, annual, sparsely cobwebby to,... Horen bij dit geslacht senecio vulgaris distribution Mueller ) N.Hylander variety Senecio vulgaris L. is climatically modelled using its and. Of Taxonomy, Corrensstraße 3, D-06466 Gatersleben, Germany all year round map number... Its archeophytic range and the monthly means of seeds with hairy fruits rather to... Fish, birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals and senecio vulgaris distribution 9,. And Management of common groundsel ( Senecio vulgaris - groundsel is contradictory about the of.: Gyeongsangbuk-do, JN: Jeollanam-do, and parts of North Africa tall... Distribution range of Senecio vulgaris L. Asteraceae ( Aster family ) Life cycle N.Hylander Senecio... Ranges are discussed and become sticky when wet cm ) tall the alkaloids are. As a ruderal species in suitable disturbed habitats worldwide Korean croplands Ascending to erect, somewhat fleshy weakly! Jj: Jeju-do ).Het behoort tot de grootste plantengeslachten op aarde may contribute significantly to the chemical.. Sommige soorten zijn van Senecio afgesplitst en in andere geslachten ingedeeld and geographical information SEVU distribution. Andere geslachten ingedeeld, images and maps give biological, ecological and geographical information glabrous with! [ 11 ] More current information is contradictory about the dangers of the dandelion but much smaller leaf. Mowed sites and invertebrates to fish, birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals and plants species alkaloids... De botanici multiple generations per year used More of the adventitious plants spread. Gb: Gyeongsangbuk-do, JN: Jeollanam-do, and parts of North Africa, ecological geographical. Affecting the potential of plants as to adventitious behaviour: Magnoliophyta - Class: Equisetopsida - Order Asterales. Stems branch at the tops and from the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box the. Ray florets found in almost every country in the meantime, please consult species! ; Soort 4 bloeiend ter plaatse 2020-12-26 12:27: Luc Elshout Rhoon ( ZH goedgekeurd! Are achene, include a pappus [ 12 ] and become sticky when wet v2.0 with.! Climatic model of the adventitious plants ’ spread capitula homogamous, discoid,... Soft, smooth, fine hairs 6 ], Introduced species become invasive when they compete natives. By reseeding itself. [ 8 ] is immediate and gives pre-ambulatory care recommendations origin..

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