Ethnicity. This tree can even thrive in very little light and scarce water. Many silk ficus trees are mimics of this plant. The Ficus benghalensis has the capability of sprouting in the gaps and cracks of an already fully-grown tree and eventually grows in such a way that it starts sprouting around the trunk of the already grown tree, essentially strangling it. In fact, most people refer to the Ficus benjamina species as just ‘ficus.’. So, creeping fig plants are good indoors in hanging baskets or on a shelf. Ficus microcarp (Ficus microcarpa) A sprawling, powerful tree in the photo is another popular room-like species of ficus. Of course, fig trees that are native to Middle Eastern and Mediterranean countries are well-known for producing delicious fig fruits. These species often smother their host trees. The Ficus benghalensis is a popular tree with a rich cultural and religious history. Because their sugar content is really high, the figs grown on this tree are usually dried so they can be … Weeping figs, rubber trees, and fiddle leaf figs are especially popular as for indoor growing. This species is sensitive to low light and cold temperatures, so a grower must be cautious when growing the lyrata indoors. Description. Soil. Also, you may want to grow them in large containers as their root system can affect building structures and sidewalks. Longifolia (Ficus Alii) This popular ficus is an oriental-looking tree with its narrow leaves and often braided trunk. The Ficus macrophylal, like the F. benghalensis tree, too is a strangler tree. Other types of plants in the ficus genus are better suited as houseplants. All Photos Illustrations Videos Audio. Ficus grow well in pots and tolerate diverse soils. It requires very low care and likes indirect light. However, if you wish, you can allow the Rubber plant to grow as high as 8 ft. (2.4 m) indoors. You will find hundreds of types of ficus as you begin searching for plants, but the best species for bonsai is the Ficus Retusa. It is least resistant to fire, but likes good sunlight. This species of the genus Ficus, the Ficus pumila, is a fast-growing vine that is mostly woody in nature. The genus Ficus – fig trees – represents a totally unique plant section.And this owes both to the botanical as well as to the biological and ecological characteristics of most of its species. In the right conditions, expect the plant to grow up to 10 ft. (3 m) tall. There are over 800 species of trees in the Ficus genus. These leaves are large, pale green, and feature light veins running throughout. Ficus trees are known for their intensive root structures. The Ficus macrophylla specie is one of the biggest species of the Ficus trees genus. This can help to keep your growing indoor tree to a reasonable height. Ficus trees are indigenous to Asia and are grown extensively in the Mediterranean. Indoor varieties of ficus trees are popular plants such as the Fiddle-leaf fig, rubber plant, Audrey ficus, and the Weeping fig. Older trees may grow fruit, but it … Unlike many types of trees in the ficus genus, the Sacred fig enjoys full sunshine to grow well. It is a hybrid bred for growing in pots indoors. The leaves can be a variety of colors from dark green with maroon veins to dark reddish-brown color with green edging. However, to grow the Mistletoe fig outdoors, it needs to be in a warm environment. The Creeping fig (Ficus pumila) is a type of woody creeping ficus vine that grows just as well indoors as it does outdoors. The plants and vines of this species are often used in gardening as ornamental plants, by being be trained and coiled around wireframes in order to create topiaries and pieces of horticultural art. The Ficus carica is normally known by its common name, which is the common fig. The reason why indoor ficus trees are so popular is that they are very versatile and suit a wide range of interior design needs. The fruits of the Ficus congesta species tend to grow in large clusters on not just the branches of the tree, but on the trunk as well. Pruning. Gender. The Ficus Audrey is a variety of Ficus Benghalensis, known for its fuzzy leaves. Species of these trees range in both shade trees to a variety that quickly grows into a hedge for screening. The fig tree was also sacred in ancient Cyprus where it was regarded as the symbol for fertility. The figs on it are light green skinned and have pink flesh when they are fresh. Generally, species of plants in the ficus genus grow in a wide variety of environments. Here are the most popular types of rubber tree plants to grow at home and the characteristics that set them apart. Nearly all indoor plants from the Ficus genus require plenty of light. Types. Moreover, the vines here grow to the amazing lengths of 15 feet to 20 feet. Many Ficus produce figs. The wasps carry with them the pollen necessary for the pollination of the plant. The best kind of soil for your indoor ficus plants to grow in is loamy soil that drains well. One of the popular types of indoor ficus trees is the Fiddle-Leaf fig (Ficus lyrata). They tend to shed off their leaves whenever they are moved to another position or in an unfavorable habitat. To keep your ficus from getting tall and lanky, give it medium to bright light and water when the top inch of soil feels dry. It develops into a small tree with oversized leaves. The Adriatic fig tree is native to the Mediterranean region. It also has air-purifying capabilities and helps in balancing the humidity of your space. If you have this small indoor ficus tree plant in your home, it should be in a place that gets plenty of light. Ginseng Ficus (Ficus retusa) Bulgnn / Getty Images Ginseng ficus is considered to be an excellent species for beginner bonsai enthusiasts because it is a very hardy and forgiving tree. In other parts of the world, the tree is also known as the strangler figs owing to their way of growing. Ficus trees have had a significant influence on both cultural and religious practices and traditions. Types of ficus trees include shrub-like plants, creeping vines, and woody trees. During warm months, you should water your ficus once a week. When we talk about the width of the plant, Ficus macrophylla trees cover a significant area due to the expansion of their leaves. The Ficus elastica ‘Black Prince’ has dark burgundy thick shiny leaves. Known as a tree species that can produce two fruit crops a year, is drought-tolerant, and has the ability to propagate, a fig tree is one that possesses valuable qualities. Although the fig tree is now widely grown globally, for both its delicious fruit as well as a decorative plant, it is still commercially grown mostly in its native areas. From among the many varieties of indoor ficus plants, the Weeping fig is fairly easy to care for. Most relevant Best selling Latest uploads; Within Results. In such cases, fig trees absorb the water and help cool the atmosphere of hot places. Ficus (/ ˈ f aɪ k ə s / or / ˈ f iː k ə s /) is a genus of about 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes and hemiepiphytes in the family Moraceae.Collectively known as fig trees or figs, they are native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone. It is also known as the ficus Moclame. 9 Different Types of Ficus Trees (Plus Essential Facts). It has become naturalized in Sri Lanka, the West Indies, and the US State of Florida. Ficus Daniella is a type of ficus with thick waxy leaves that grows well as an indoor houseplant. There are about 850 species of plants in the ficus genus. Its fruit is also used as a dry food staple in places where food is either scarce or difficult to find in the winters. The F.lyrata, also known as the fiddle leaf or banjo fig tree, grows best in bright areas. These long drooping leaves make an attractive feature of this plant. Bonsai mix for different varieties of Ficus trees. Ficus (/ ˈ f aɪ k ə s / or / ˈ f iː k ə s /) is a genus of about 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes and hemiepiphytes in the family Moraceae.Collectively known as fig trees or figs, they are native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone. The Ficus elastica ‘Robusta’: This is a hardy variety of the rubber tree plant that grows large, leathery green leaves. Other cultivars from the Ficus pumila species include the ‘Curly’ ficus with its tiny cream and green-colored leaves. The following are the common types of ficus trees that you'll find at a nursery or gardening center: F. benjamina (the weeping fig) F. lyrata (the fiddle-leaf fig) F. sagittata (creeping fig) These trees will provide years of enjoyment when cared for properly. You can plant this ficus climbing vine in areas where you need ground cover in shady areas. Pruning. The Narrow Leaf fig can be grown indoors and is relatively easy to care for. This is the fig that most people find in most houseplant stores. The long thin trunk can reach a height of up to 9.8 ft. (3 m) indoors. With a proper care, this type of outdoor ficus tree can become a delightful ornamental tree in a garden or yard. The Rubber plant is a popular type of ficus plant with large beautiful leaves. Types of ficus trees include shrub-like plants, creeping vines, and woody trees. Ficus Audrey is a selected Ficus Benghalensis variety, known for its fuzzy leaves. Native to Asia and Australia, the Indian Laurel (Ficus microcarpa) is in the classification of ficus trees. One interesting cultivar is the Ficus Emerald Green. They are able to do this by a process called parthenocarpy. Indoors, you can also grow the Creeping fig up a moss pole. Commonly that includes trees, shrubs as well as vines. One of the most unusual features of these trees is the fact that they do not need pollination to be able to produce fruit. Creeping fig (F. pumila) The most popular vining fig species, it produces long stems with alternating small and soft green round leaves that grow fast and vigorous. Most of the popular practices link the Ficus tree back to one of its native lands, Asia. Soil and watering. Bunut Bolong: Ficus Tree Tunnel Spectral Tarsier, Tarsius spectrum, portrait of rare nocturnal animal, in the nature habitat, large ficus tree, Tangkoko National. When we talk about the width of the tree, certain subspecies of this category can spread out over a wide area that at times can reach up to several acres. There are many types of ficus trees that make great houseplants and can also add greenery to your garden. Special wasps called fig wasps pollinate fig flowers. The Ficus Daniella (also known as Ficus Moclame) is another variety of ficus that adapts well as an indoor houseplant. Pricing level. As with most types of indoor ficus trees, the Daniella ficus needs a good amount of bright light without being exposed to direct sunlight. Whether gnarled bonsai or shrub with giant leaves, take your pick! Ficus Trees and Plants come in many shapes and sizes. Related: Types of Christmas Trees | Types of Mesquite Trees | Types of Redbud Trees | Types of Arborvitae Trees. Another small type of ficus tree is the slow-growing ‘Too Little’ Weeping fig. Types of Fig Trees Adriatic Fig Tree. It has glossy green leaves of usually dark colors and is sometimes blemished. Common Types of Ficus The following are the common types of ficus trees that you'll find at a nursery or … It produces edible sweet fruits, which are among the figs you might find at a grocery store or farmers market. First, let’s look at some types of ficus trees that grow well outdoors. This plant is mostly used as an ornamental piece. It’s native to Asia and Australia but has also become naturalized in many US states, like Arizona and Florida. The F. benghalensis trees have the tendency to grow to significant heights. As surprising as it may sound, Ficus elastica is indeed a rubber tree and it is still a species of the fig tree. Although it needs a good amount of light, it also continues to grow in low light and little water. The Fiddle-Leaf fig is a slow-growing ficus tree that can be grown as a house plant. This small ficus tree has a thin sturdy stem and its foliage can be pruned to resemble a large green glossy ball. Although it doesn’t tolerate frost well, it is hardy down to 34°F (1°C). Climatically speaking, the Middle Eastern and Mediterranean climates are most suitable for these trees. This type of ficus has thick waxy leaves and in a nice oval shape. In general, most varieties of ficus plants are easy to care for. The best times to prune your ficus tree indoors is in spring and winter. Ficus elastica, more commonly known as a rubber tree, is one of the more well-known types of ficus. Common Fig. With proper nourishment, African fig can grow up to a tall height of 5-6 feet … Fig trees are popular for their unusual pollination process. As discussed earlier, the genus Ficus has around 850 species to its name, which means that the Ficus trees are of a lot of different types. Ficus trees prefer light, water-drained soils, although they can grow in nutrient-depleted soil too. 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