Babur was a descendant of Timur on his father’s side and of Chengiz Khan on the side of his mother. Bengal – Exported sugar, rice as well as delicate muslin and silk. Akbar built Buland Darwaza at Fatehpur Sikri in 1601 to commemorate his victory over Gujarat. It was evident in the sphere of art and architecture, painting, music and literature. location.href = this.options[this.selectedIndex].value; His family came to India from Afghanistan. Humayun had three brothers, Kamran, Askari and Hindal. It is the biggest masjid in India. In the seventeenth century, the growth of foreign trade resulted in the increased import of gold and silver. These incidents show that Akbar’s policy of religious liberty and equality was gradually being forsaken and religious discrimination, began under Jahangir, was gaining in virulence and scope. Find NCERT notes on Babur as a part of BYJU'S Medieval Indian History notes for UPSC 2021 preparation. Sher Shah’s empire was divided into forty seven sarkars. During the Fifteenth century, Samarqand and Herat became the cultural centres of West … Utbi and Naziri were the two other leading Persian poets, Jahangir’s autobiography, Tuzuk-i-Jahangiri was famous for its style, He also patronized many scholars like Ghiyas Beg, Naqib Khan and Niamatullah, Shah Jahan also patronized many writers and historians like Abdul Hamid Lahori, author of Padshah. Humayun died by an accidental fall from the staircase of his Library ‘Shermandal’ at the PuranaKwila in Delhi on 24 January 1556. The height of the gateway is 176 feet. He employed a number of painters like Abul Hasan, Bishan Das, Madhu, Anant, Manohar, Govardhan and Ustad Mansur. He earned the title Insan-i-Kamil (Perfect Man), among the Mughals. In 1656 Shahjahan constructed the Jama Masjid in Delhi. In India, the Mughal Empire was one … Humayun’s biography Humayun Namah was written by Humayun’s sister Gulbadan Begum. The famous Peacock Throne was built by Shah Jahan. The mansabdari system introduced by Akbar was a unique feature of the administrative system of the Mughal Empire. The Mughal Empire (Notes+MCQ) PDF Download also contains related Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) which will be beneficial for all Competitive Exams like WBCS (Preli & Mains), UPSC… Hindi History. He introduced the National Highway concept for the first time in India. UPSC History The Mughal Empire NCERT Extracts - Struggle for Empire in North India-II Mughals and Afghans (1525-1555) NCERT Extracts - Struggle for Empire in North India-II Mughals and Afghans (1525-1555) Category : UPSC . He established Zanjir-il-Adal – Chain of Justice in Agra Fort and was known for his strict administration of Justice. Mughal paintings reached its climax during the reign of Jahangir. After the lapse of 15 years, Humayun re-captured the Empire by defeating the last Sur ruler Sikandar Shah Suri in the Battle of Sirhind, 1555, after which he ruled only for 6 months. Each noble had a large number of servants, horses, elephants etc. Birbal: His real name was Mahesh Das. It contains all the architectural forms developed by the Mughals. The language used to write this biography was a mixture of Turkish and Persian. HELPFUL FOR UPSC PRELIMS, MAINS, SSC,CDS,NDA. It may be considered the precursor of the Taj Mahal. Some of the Mughal Gardens are: During the reign of Sher Shah, the mausoleum at Sasaram in Bihar and the Purana Qila near Delhi were built. Now it is kept at the London Tower Museum, Britain. Download Babur … In Rajasthan, Oswals, Maheshwaris, and Agarwals came to be called the Marwaris. Nur Jahan built the tomb of Itimaddaulah at Agra. The Pietra Dura method was used on a large scale in the Taj Mahal. It was built in red sandstone. The Mughal Empire was a fairly efficient and centralized organisation with a vast complex of personnel, and information dedicated to the service of the emperor. He was a descendant of Timur (on his father’s side) and Genghis Khan (on his Mother’s side). The leading poet of that period was his brother Abul Faizi. Download Mughal Architecture PDF in English and Hindi for UPSC exam here. Large scale construction of buildings started with the dawn of Akbar. The rise of Mughal Empire registers an epochal change in the medieval history of India. Hindi poet Malik Muhammed Jayasi completed his Padmavat, during his reign. The Mughal reign was a crucial phase in Indian History. Share. The ranks were divided into two – zat and sawar. On a note, no new agricultural technique was introduced during this period. Babur also defeated the Afgans in battle of Gogra in Bihar. He was the advisor of Akbar. But by the close of the century it had shrunk to a few kilometres around Delhi. Byomkesh Meher. Akbar introduced the Mansabdari system in his administration. Jahangir ascended the throne in 1605. Jahangir and Shah Jahan were also fond of music. Mughal dynasty was founded by Babur who was invited by Aalam Khan Lodi, a discontented uncle of Ibrahim Lodi, to Invade India. The Mughal Empire, 1526–1761 The significance of Mughal rule. The Mughal Empire had become too large to be controlled by any ruler from one centre i.e. Jahangir was a lover of art, literature and particularly painting. Zat means personal and it fixed the personal status of a person. He built Agra Fort, Lahore Fort, Allahabad Fort and Fatehpur Sikri near Agra. Know Architecture during Mughals and contemporary Sur, Sikh and Rajput Rulers in India. Princes of royal blood received even higher ranks. The Mughal Empire, Mogul or Moghul Empire, was an early-modern empire in South Asia. The major imports into India were certain metals such as. He defeated Dara and crowned himself under the title “Alamgir”. A large variety of crops such as barley, gram, pulses, rice, and wheat were cultivated. He built Moti Masjid at Lahore and his own mausoleum at Shahdara. Humayun means “fortune” but he remained the most unfortunate ruler of the Mughal Empire. The most important trading communities in south India. Dec 20, 2020 - The Mughal Empire UPSC Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. Raja Todarmal: Raja Todarmal was Akbar’s finance or revenue minister. During Aurangzeb’s reign, Mughals expanded widely and became Pan-India Empire. He composed a Raga, Rajdarbari in honour of Akbar. Milk and milk products were surplus, salt and sugar were expensive, while ghee and oil were cheaper. Although Sher Shah’s rule lasted for five years, he organized a brilliant administrative system.The central government consisted of several departments. During Akbar’s reign, the Humayun’s tomb was built at Delhi and it had a massive dome of marble. The Mughal nobles were paid high salaries but their expenses were also the same. Many historical works were written during this period. The most influential Hindi poet was Tulsidas, who wrote the Hindi version of the Ramayana, the Ramcharitmanas. In 1633 he ordered wholesale demolition of all newly built temples and in Benaras alone 72 temples were destroyed. Mirak Mirza Ghias was its architect. It is known as Bibi ka Makbara. It was built to commemorate Akbar’s victory over Gujarat. Jahangir also set up a famous chain of justice between the Shah Burj in the fort of Agra and a stone pillar fixed on the banks of Yamuna to enable the people to approach him without any servant. He was assassinated in 1708. Gujarat – Was an entry point of foreign goods from where fine textiles and silk were taken to north India. He invited a large number of painters from different parts of the country to his court. The Grand Trunk Road is now known as Shershah Suri Marg. If you are new to UPSC Prelims and UPSC Mains, We recommend you to know about UPSC Prelims and UPSC Mains and also UPSC … The Portuguese had authority over Goa under their viceroy. They called … He also built Takht-i-Taus or Peacock throne. Bank Important battles in Indian history - medieval India. Historical works such as Akbar Nama also remained the main themes of Mughal paintings. As a result, the distant provinces became independent. The main reference material for this post is NCERT History text for Class 7 (Our past -1). The Mughal Dynasty From the latter half of the … Persian language became widespread in the Mughal Empire by the time of Akbar’s reign. Baswan, Miskina and Daswant attained great positions as Akabar’s court as artists. select course It was further improved by Raja Todar Mal. The administrative organization of the Mughal Empire allowed it to prosper for more than two centuries before being overrun by the Marathas. They include Ain-i-Akbari and Akabar Nama authored by Abul Fazl. He married Arjumand Benu Begum, daughter of Asaf Khan, brother of Noor Jahan. It was constructed wholly of white marble with floral designs made of semi-precious stones on the walls. Babur . He banned singing and dancing in the Royal court. It was known as Dahsala System which was completed in 1580. He was a descendant of Timur (from the side of his father) … His other forts are at Lahore and Allahabad. From 1556 to 1707, during the heyday of its fabulous wealth and glory, the Mughal Empire was a fairly efficient and … Decline of Mughal Empire Victory of Babur in the First Battle of Panipat against Ibrahim Lodi in 1526 marked the advent of Mughal Empire in India. In this article on Medieval India, we will discuss the Mughal Dynasty, its important and prominent rules, and some important points about them that frequently come in prelims and mains part of various exams like RAIL, SSC, State PSC, UPSC, etc. In 1675, he executed 9th Sikh Guru, Guru Teg Behadur because of his reluctance to accept Islam. Babur also established a tradition of Gardening by laying out a number of formal gardens with running water. Indian History for UPSC THE MUGHAL EMPIRE(1556-1707) 1.MUGHAL POLITY: Babur: Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur, who defeated Ibrahim Lodi at Panipat in 1526, founded the Mughal empire in India. In 1679 Aurangzeb constructed the tomb of his only wife Rabbia-ud-daura at Aurangabad in Maharashtra. By this system, Todar Mal introduced a uniform system of land measurement. Shah Jahan built the famous Red Fort at Delhi with its Rang Mahal, Diwan-i-Am and Diwan-i-Khaswas. This article throws light on the Mughal era in India like Economic & Social Life, Agriculture, Trade Growth, etc. The Mughals were fond of laying gardens with running water. Medieval History: In this video you will learn about the Mughal Empire. Aurangzeb, the last Great Mughal emperor had died and left his Empire in chaos. The translation of Mahabharata into the Persian language was done under his supervision. In 1638 Shah Jahan built his new capital Shahjahanabad in Delhi and shifted the capital from Agra to there. Watch Now. He was a descendant of Timur (on his father’s side) and Genghis Khan (on his Mother’s side). All appointments and promotions as well as dismissals were directly made by the emperor. The Indian trading classes spread across the country and were in large numbers. Aurangzeb, in his attempt to annex Marwar to the Mughal empire, was involved in a 30-year war. [CDS Exam 2002] A: … A treaty made the Qutub Shahi ruler a vassal of the Mughal empire. Sawar rank indicated the number of cavalrymen of a person who was required to maintain. He translated Mahabharata into Persian in name ‘Razam Namah’ and Bhaskaracharya’s mathematical work Leelavati into Persian. One of the foreigners Nikitin mentions that the people in the Deccan were bare-footed indicating the high cost of leather. Wealthy people dressed in silk and cotton clothes and the poor people dressed minimally. India Under the Mughals: UPSC Notes – Download PDF Here, Your email address will not be published. In this article on Medieval India, we cover the Mughal Dynasty. In this post, we are sharing you with Mughal Empire Questions and … He built many forts and the most famous one was the Agra Fort. Ustad Iza, a Turkish/ Persian was its architect. Bulk goods were also taken through rivers on boats. He defeated ibrahim lodhi in the first Battle of Panipat in 1526 and established Mughal rule in India. Shah Jahan’s period is known as the Golden Age of Mughal Empire. 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