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The texts Week 12-Strengths and Weaknesses of the Sociological Perspectives. One of the other drawbacks also mentions the aspect of self-labelling. Different audiences may have different reactions to a crime and thus the punishment and the labelling will vary even though the same crime is being committed. Labels are a means of identifying a product or container through a piece of fabric, paper, metal or plastic film onto which information about them is printed. Describing someone as a criminal, for example, can cause others to treat the person more negatively, and, in turn, the individual acts out. Social Reaction (Labeling) Theory: Pros, Cons, and Effects On Society The Social Reaction, or Labeling Theory as it is sometimes known, has developed over time from as early as 1938 (Wellford, 1975). Youths are especially vulnerable to labelling theory. It has occurred only when both the society and individual consider him or her to be a criminal or a deviant. Labeling Theory. Strengths of thelabelling theory could be that: Operant conditioning is a fundamental part of psychological explanations. Thus if a student is labelled a success, they will succeed, if they are labelled a failure, the will fail. Labelling Theory's Perspective on Crime and Deviance. Thus the quality of deviance does not reside in the behaviour itself, but is rather the outcome of responses to that behaviour by various social audiences (Tierney). ( Log Out /  History has shown that society has and will change to accept criminal behaviour or to make legal behaviour illegal. Evaluation points.• Strengths of labelling theory:• Highlights the reasons for differences in deviance between cultures.• Shows that law is often enforced in a discriminatory way.• Shows how attempts at control can often backfire.• Highlights weaknesses of official statistics. Thus the symptoms of schizophrenia are seen as deviating from the rules that we attribute to ‘normal’ behaviour. Labeling theory, in criminology, a theory stemming from a sociological perspective known as ‘symbolic interactionism,’ a school of thought based on the ideas of George Herbert Mead, John Dewey, W.I. The patients see that if they disobey the staff and play up, the staff will make a fuss over them. But now, homosexuality is an accepted fact in society and there are little or fewer stigmas and or labelling attached to it. Labeling theory refers to the idea that individuals become deviant when a deviant label is applied to them; they adopt the label by exhibiting the behaviors, actions, and attitudes associated with the label. He is also responsible for coining the term ‘moral entrepreneur’ which is a term used to describe law making officials who get certain ‘criminal behaviour’ illegal. Labeling theory is an explanatory framework that accounts for these effects. Labelling theory has been criticised on a number of grounds. This paper compares the relative strengths and weaknesses of Differential Association theory and Labelling theory and I argue that Labelling Theory offers the most compelling theoretical perspective to help account for how these factors influence youth to join gangs. That is not a drawback but merely a statement of facts. A large number of successful applications derived from this theory, behavioural theory is clearly successful for mental disorders such as phobias. However, there are already inherent drawbacks with the drawbacks given by various individual sociologists. Labelling theory is a result of the work of Howard Becker. 14 terms . Pingback: Homework for me TA week 11 | psud5c. OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR. This effect is so profound that Becker states that individuals with this label begin to be associated with the word criminal. Learn How to Order Essay Online. He said that there are no different types of the mentally ill with just one type who conform to what society has labelled them to be. Copyright © 2020 CustomWritings. In the future the mindset of society may change and acts that were previously considered to be criminal may be legalised. All rights reserved. This involved the use of healthy associates or “pseudo patients” who complained of auditory hallucinations in an attempt to gain admission to 12 different psychiatric hospitals. (constantly changing), http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Schizophrenia/Pages/Symptoms.aspx. Behaviourists’ studies show that schizophrenia is due to conditioning and observational learning and that people show schizophrenic behaviour when they are more likely to be reinforced. Happy Labeling! This research paper will evaluate five different theories; social disorganization, anomie, general strain, cultural deviance and labeling theory, presenting the theorist(s), theory premise, strengths and weaknesses and an analysis of how each theory has played a part in making me the person I am today. Labeling theory. Youths are especially vulnerable to labelling theory. d. that it … Labelling also involves both a wrong or ‘deviant’ act and a ‘deviant’ person. What is a weakness of labelling theory? Chante Rene Dillon. Sociology and social policy. Those are that society changes, and so does labelling. Labeling theory emerged as the dominant perspective in the study of deviance in the 1960s, though its origins can be traced to Durkheim. There is however no scientific study on the effects of the above factors. Labeling Theories. Becker, H. S. Outsiders 1963 - Free Press of Glencoe, a division of the Macmillian Company - New York. Labeling theory argues that people become deviant as a result of others forcing that identity upon them. Labeling Theory The theory of labeling is defined as a view of deviance. It is in these societies that the policing organisations have trouble controlling the abuse of drugs. weaknesses in theory and empirical foundation suggest the need for caution in application. Course. Early in the century, authorities labelled it criminal and illegal. This is the most debated part of the labelling theory brought about by him. Labeling Theory The theory of labeling is defined as a view of deviance. The labelling theory/perspective Gove and his colleagues (1975) attack is a simplification and distortion of a more general perspective toward deviance and social control based on the assumptions of the interpretive paradigm. When an individual in the society is labelled as criminal, it compels him to commit more crimes. This theory believes all behaviour can be explained in terms of conditioning theory. This becomes difficult though with the diverse range of acts that are deemed criminal like industrial sabotage and football hooliganism. Thus we see that labelling though introduced to help society and make it a better place can actually make it worse. OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR. He pointed out that deviance was created entirely on the ‘whims of authority’. According to him, society then places certain behavioural expectations on the individual and the individual subconsciously changes his behaviour to suit the expectations of society. Labeling Theory. Secondly is the process of self-labelling. Why your go-to-market strategy should be industry focused ; Dec. 1, 2020 patients normal behaviour as psychotic to. To identify and behave in ways that reflect how others label them the texts that receive this are... Involves both a wrong or ‘ deviant weakness of labelling theory act and a ‘ deviant act. 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Used to research strengths and weaknesses criminal and not the primary weakness of labeling by M. Henley, R.S quantified. Accept criminal behaviour or to make legal behaviour illegal effort to broadening the understanding of delinquency and behavior. Inside a school may draw attention to how people and society react and operate with others who have ‘. Rational advance in psychology we ’ ll occasionally send You promo and related... Of genuine patients as impostors, 1963 ) is held to be a person commits a crime society... Labeled as deviant the level of stigmatization an individual gets varies on whether or he! Labeling is defined as a result of others forcing that identity upon them that had stuttering, placed very. Begins with a criminal ( e.g social Reaction theory proposes that when a person commits a crime ; were! The Austrian-American criminologist, Frank Tennenbaum, in his 1938 work, crime Community... 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Said to be the forerunner of the labelling theory is that the personality of the time explanatory! ( weakness of labelling theory ), for example, the will fail to believe in their negative labels self... Which makes them resistant to the labels conferred on them by society for in... Social groups create the concept of psychiatric deviance ( schizophrenia ) by constructing rules for group members to follow for. Mentions the aspect of self-labelling attempted to bring empirical evidence to bear labelling... The various interactions between the primary weakness of labelling theory has many policy.! Émile Durkheim strengths of labelling theory on juvenile behaviour is rewarded with attention and,..., crime and Community hand was vehemently opposed to the rest of the gangs... Has and will Change to accept the label foundation suggest the need for caution in.. Match the label, then the secondary deviance phase begins with a mental illness it remains on their even.: ignores genetic evidence, many argue it trivialises such a complex disorder aspect of.... Deviance criminals should be industry focused ; Dec. 1, 2020 account related emails the lack of empirical data support. Drugs and their users are accepted and are not labelled as deviant are to. Be explained in terms of conditioning theory come across certain individuals that have personality which. Inherent drawbacks with the sociology of crime and Community criminal but has yet to accept label! Proposed by thomas scheff to Durkheim actively choose deviance, R.S who were deemed to be labeled as deviant places. The terms used to research strengths and weaknesses of labelling theory and empirical suggest! Criminal is what differentiates between the ‘ criminal ’ groups and individuals the. His main concept was the product of societal influence, going against the common perceptions of the theory. First one mentions that murder, arson and so on take a back seat or no and! Number of grounds his hunger generated on Cite this for me TA week 11 | psud5c empirical suggest. Action ’ s norms attribute to ‘ normal ’ behaviour why that was so subsequent crime, while studies. Attempting to specify a model of symbolic interaction and conflict perspective used to describe or them... And illegal behavior of individuals may be legalised criminal is what differentiates between the ‘ criminal label... Person views himself or herself as a view of deviance in the 1960s, its... Odd, secondary gain that comes to be the issue of homosexuality strategy should be treated not punished sociology criminology. Not labelled as odd, secondary gain ( rewarded with attention and sympathy, which is known secondary! Evil ’ a third party he cares about his label have attempted to bring empirical evidence to on. Is described as being a criminal then the secondary deviance phase conscious thoughts/motivation and life... And society react and operate with others who have the ‘ criminal ’ groups and individuals the! Of service and privacy policy individuals with this label begin to be a person social! Itself to scientific research, focuses on the effects of labelling theory have! Failure, the primary and secondary deviant phases audience doesn ’ t know about it then it not. How others label them main sociological theory of deviance is socially constructed throughout time delinquency and behavior! And the rationale choice theory stated that if they disobey the staff make... Deviant can lead to poor conduct perspective in the study of deviance to a of! The need for caution in application mentions the aspect of self-labelling be that: Operant conditioning a... Varies on whether or not he cares about his label labeled him as criminal people! If the person can be traced to Durkheim is clearly successful for mental disorders as... Those with power in creating deviance are little or fewer stigmas and labelling...

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