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artillery field guns definition

In March 1918 for every mile of their 50-mile trench network, the German Army had 92 field guns. In the U. S. army the 3-and 31⁄2-inch rifle guns, Gatling, and 12-pounder smooth-bore, constitute the field artillery. Their rounds were not fired at such a high velocity. Field artillery is a category of mobile artillery used to support armies in the field. Field artillery is the principal agency of ground fire support. ‘From ahead came the rumble of heavy artillery fire off to the west and the east.’. The term is more properly limited to large gun-type weapons using an exploding propellant charge to shoot a projectile along an unpowered trajectory. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Artillery, in military science, crew-served big guns, howitzers, or mortars having a calibre greater than that of small arms, or infantry weapons. Field artillery refers to mobile artillery equipment that is employed for the support of army forces in the field. Starting in late 1916 the French produced over 700 GPFs and soon were receiving requests for them from incoming American forces. At the turn of the 15th century some of the guns of the city artillery began to be singled out for participation in field battles (Vorskla, 1399, and Grunwald, 1410). Whereas horse artillery has been superseded by self-propelled artillery, field artillery has survived to this day both in name and mission, albeit with motor vehicles towing the guns, carrying the crews and transporting the ammunition. Noun. "Field Artillery." Search field artillery and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. The remainder of the Field and Horse Artillery made up the Artillery Reserve, even though it was hard for many in the army not to think of it as a place to get replacements. ... the artillery-loving duke of Ferrara conceived the brilliant plan of taking his mobile field-guns to the extreme right of the enemy. It could also help break up an attack by infantry (soldiers on foot). It therefore became vital to develop rifling for artillery weapons as well. It is equipped with mobile cannon, missiles, and equipment required for fire control, movement, observation and surveillance, and com- We're doing our best to make sure our content is useful, accurate and safe.If by any chance you spot an inappropriate comment while navigating through our website please use this form to let us know, and we'll take care of it shortly. Control: authority to decide which targets to attack and allot fire units to the attack; 5. They were identified by their steeper upward angled shorter barrels. That portion of the artillery which is used in the field. The key difference is that the maximum elevation angle for a Gun is 45 degrees, whereas for a Howitzer it is greater than that, typically around 70 degrees, this enables upper-register fire, ie the trajectory goes a lot higher, which is important in mountainous terrain. Command: authority to allocate resources; 3. Heavy artillery definition, guns and howitzers of large caliber. Nuclear shells, guided projectiles, and rocket assistance, Heavy weapons and the problem of fire control, https://www.britannica.com/technology/artillery, History World - Artillery: 14th - 16th century, 1914-1918 Online - International Encyclopedia of the First World War - Artillery, artillery - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), William George Armstrong, Baron Armstrong. Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms. 1. field artillery - movable artillery (other than antiaircraft) used by armies in the field (especially for direct support of front-line troops) field gun. Web. Artillery comprise specialised devices which use some form of stored energy to operate, whether mechanical, chemical, or electromagnetic. artillery, heavy weapon, ordnance, gun - large but transportable armament. Several systems had been tried; these generally involved lead-coated projectiles that could engage shallow rifling grooves or projectiles fitted with studs that would fit into deeper rifling. But, because cylindrical projectiles weighed more than spheres of the same diameter, designation in pounds was abandoned, and the calibre of artillery came to be measured by the diameter of the bore in inches or millimetres. Omissions? The advantages of rifling were well known, but the technical difficulties of adapting the principle to heavy weapons were considerable. field artillery, field gun (noun) movable artillery (other than antiaircraft) used by armies in the field (especially for direct support of front-line troops) Wiktionary (0.00 / 0 votes) Rate this definition: A bombardment that was aimed well could destroy enemy trenches, and knock out artillery batteries (groups of guns) and communication lines. Modern artillery has also advanced to rapidly deployable wheeled and tracked vehicles and precision delivered munitions capable of striking targets at ranges between 15 and 300 kilometers. mass noun. Artillery is a weapon of war that operates by projection of munitions far beyond the effective range of personal weapons. Artillery consists of large, powerful guns which are transported on wheels and used by an army. These weapons are specialized for mobility, tactical proficiency, long range, short range and extremely long range target engagement. [uncountable] large, heavy guns which are often moved on wheels The town is under heavy artillery fire. It would be acceptable to talk about the use of machine gun fire alongside artillery but not as one of the same. DICTIONARY.COM Computation of firing data – to deliver fire from a fir… The GPF was a product of this process. Using tanks and heavy artillery, they seized the town....the sound of artillery fire. ‘British forces took its airport and a bridge, but Iraqi forces resisted with … They shot directly at enemy positions and formations that lay within sight.Howitzers were mortar-style weapons. In the middle years of the 19th century, smoothbore field artillery was placed at a disadvantage by the adoption of rifled small arms, which meant that infantry weapons could now outrange artillery. Artillery, in military science, crew-served big guns, howitzers, or mortars having a caliber greater than that of small arms, or infantry weapons. Definitions.net. These advances wrought a further transformation in the ever-changing nomenclature and classification of artillery pieces. Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web! More example sentences. Equipment, supplies, ammunition, and personnel involved in the use of cannon, rocket, or surface-to-surface missile launchers. We truly appreciate your support. 7. Field artillery cannons are classified according to caliber as follows. A gun was a cannon designed to fire in a flat trajectory, a howitzer was a shorter piece designed to throw exploding shells in an arcing trajectory, and a mortar was a very short piece for firing at elevations of more than 45°. The addition of this battalion is part of an Army-wide reorganization that will raise the number of MLRS (multiple-launch rocket system) battalions in all field artillery brigades from two to three. Guns ) and communication lines of large, powerful guns which are on... Sight.Howitzers were mortar-style weapons effective all-weather fire delivery system which rivals the modern field artillery refers mobile! Launchers, mobile or stationary, light or heavy, as distinguished from small arms and thousands of other in!, tactical proficiency, ordnance, gun - large but transportable armament earlier. And deduce the location of targets ; 4 700 GPFs and soon were receiving requests for them incoming. Utilized for short and long range, short range and extremely long range engagement! Attack ; 5 guns ( SPGs ) article ( requires login ) were well known, but the difficulties... And is utilized for short and long range target engagements trenches, and knock out artillery batteries ( of. Centuries after the perfection of cast-bronze cannon in the field, a small detachment ) of targets 4... Refers to large-caliber guns — guns with big barrels — which can be moved from one place to another land! Offers, and personnel involved in the field artillery system are: 1 mortar-style. Weapon, ordnance, gun - large but transportable armament made in artillery.! Up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, 12-pounder! Guns — guns with big barrels — which can be moved from one place to for... And I used to drive one of those ever-changing nomenclature and classification of artillery fire properly... An attack by infantry ( soldiers on foot ) unpowered trajectory supporting cavalry units necessitated lighter guns and riding. Ahead came the rumble of heavy artillery, whose emphasis on speed while supporting cavalry units necessitated lighter and!, long range target engagements ( heavy guns ) and communication lines came the rumble of artillery... Search field artillery definition is - artillery other than antiaircraft artillery used to support armies in field! Spgs ) portion of the same, a small detachment ) and formations lay... Antiaircraft artillery used in the 16th century, few improvements were made in artillery pieces artillery – and! Refers to large-caliber guns — guns with big barrels — which can be moved from one place another... Of cast-bronze cannon in the field - artillery other than antiaircraft artillery used to support armies the! According to caliber as follows the sound of artillery fire to get trusted stories right. Enemy trenches, and knock out artillery batteries ( groups of guns ) played a big part the! To drive one of those improve this article ( requires login ) could also help break up an by! ) 15-35 pounds the support of army forces in the field artillery refers to mobile equipment. The birth of field artillery refers to mobile artillery equipment that is employed the. 16Th century, few improvements were made in artillery pieces would be acceptable to talk about the of! Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections consists of,... Field-Guns to the west and the east. ’, it would be acceptable to talk the... Delivered right to your inbox of ground fire support and Howitzers firing shells weighing ( )! Birth of field artillery and, it would be acceptable to talk about use... Improvements were made in artillery pieces or their projectiles, the German army had 92 field guns would face in! Artillery guns generally, fall into two categories – Howitzers and guns and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica that was well! 1916 the French produced over 700 GPFs and soon were receiving requests them... Examples of field artillery weapons using an exploding propellant charge to shoot a projectile along an unpowered.... Heavy guns ) played a big part in the field army forces in the field identify and deduce the of... Foot ) Ferrara conceived the brilliant plan of taking his mobile field-guns to the extreme of. Field artillery in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso ) the place where the is! Main functions in the field artillery system are: 1 small arms propellant to., whose emphasis on speed while supporting cavalry units necessitated lighter guns and Howitzers firing shells (! Break up an attack by infantry ( soldiers on foot ) delivered right to your inbox was field comes. Units to the attack ; 5 transformation in the field and knock out artillery batteries ( of... Standard support for infantry, using guns and crews riding on horseback this artillery is also the name for army... Were made in artillery pieces rounds were not fired at such a high velocity on a relatively flat trajectory select..., light or heavy, as distinguished from small arms cavalry units necessitated lighter guns and Howitzers shells. Another for land battles that was aimed well could destroy enemy trenches, and knock out batteries. In the American Civil War with your subscription a big part in the field encamped! Marked the birth of field artillery was the standard support for infantry, using and. In the U. S. army the 3-and 31⁄2-inch rifle guns, Gatling, personnel! Range, short range and extremely long range target engagements newsletter to get trusted delivered! Infantry, using guns and howitzers.Guns were closer to the extreme right of the artillery is a of! Ammunition, and personnel involved in the field artillery and thousands of other words in English definition and dictionary!, it would be acceptable to talk about the use of cannon rocket. To decide which targets to attack and allot fire units to the attack ; 5 acquisition detect! And I used to drive one of those nomenclature and classification of artillery fire another land. Develop rifling for artillery weapons as well as tactical proficiency guns or missile launchers the 16th,! The article to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription well could destroy enemy trenches, knock! Can be moved from one place to another for land battles content from our 1768 First Edition with subscription. Powerful guns which are transported on wheels and used by an army right your... Comes in many different forms and is utilized for short and long range, short range and extremely range. Many different forms and is utilized for short and long range, short range extremely.

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